FOUR PROMISES WHICH GOD MADE TO ISA/YASHUA BEFORE HIS DEATH

Jesus Isa death

3:55 when God said, “O Isa, indeed I will Cause you to die (mutawaffeeka) and raise/exalt you (rafiAAuka) to Myself and purify you from those who disbelieve and make those who follow you [in submission to God alone] superior to those who disbelieve until the Day of Resurrection. Then to Me is your return, and I will judge between you concerning that in which you used to differ.

FIRST PROMISE: When God said, “O Isa, indeed I will Cause you to die (mutawaffeeka)

The Jews wanted to kill Isa and tried to even crucify him and take his life away because Deuteronomy 21:22,23 states that one who dies on the cross is an accursed. God replies to the plan of the Jews by saying they will not be able to kill Isa, God will cause him to die (meaning a natural death) quickly by natural causes not by the cause of crucifixion.

SECOND PROMISE: And raise/exalt you (rafiAAuka) to Myself

Meaning Isa will be raise/exalt in status towards God just like other believers and things raised/exalted in status towards God in the Quran. 43:32, 94:4, 6:83, 19:57, 6:165, 7:176, 56:3, 35:10, 24:36.

THIRD PROMISE: Purify you from those who disbelieve

This means that God will clear him of the false charges from the enemies such as legitimacy of birth and accursed death and would show that he was indeed a true Prophet of God.

FOURTH PROMISE: And Make those who follow you [in submission to God alone] above to those who disbelieve until the Day of Resurrection

This basically means that precedence would be given to the followers of Isa those believers who followed him when he was alive and those who will follow his message of submission to God alone over the disbelievers till the Day of Judgment. (Muslims are of course included in the believers because they follow submission to God alone and believe in Isa as a Prophet/Messenger of God).

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BEST OF CREATION (KHAYRU-L-KHALQ) TITLE FOR PROPHET MUHAMMAD

The man made title of Khayru-l-Khalq (Best of Creation) for Prophet Muhammad was invented through the Hadiths in order to worship him and get his intercession on the Day of Judgment.

THE WHOLE UNIVERSE WAS CREATED FOR PROPHET MUHAMMAD (SALAFI AQEEDAH)

Narrated by Umar bin al-Khattab Allah’s Messenger (Peace Be Upon Him) said:

When Adam committed the error, he submitted (to Allah): O Lord, I beg You to forgive me through the mediation of Muhammad. Then Allah said: O Adam! How did you recognize Muhammad as I have not created him yet? He replied: O Lord, when You created me with Your divine hand and breathed Your soul into me, I raised my head and saw ‘la ilaha illallahu Muhammad-ur-rasulullah (“There is no god but Allah, Muhammad is Allah’s Messenger”)’ inscribed on each pillar of the Throne. I discovered that with Your name, the name of only such a person can be associated who is YOUR MOST BELOVED OF ALL THE CREATURES. At this Allah said: O Adam, you have said it correctly. Of all the creatures I love him the most. Now when you offered your prayer through his mediation, I forgave you. And if Muhammad were not there, I would not have created even you.

Reference

Tabarani Mu’jam Al-Ausat Volume 006, Page No. 313-314, Hadith Number 6502

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RIGHTS OF GOD, FELLOW MEN OR HUMANITY AND THE CREATION

HAQOOQ ALLAH (RIGHTS OF GOD)

 Believe in God alone.

Believe in God without associating partners with him.

Believe in God’s Angels, his Prophets/Messengers and his Books.

Ask God alone for help.

Ask God alone for guidance.

Follow the system (Deen) of submission (Islam) to God alone.

Establish following closely (Salat) for God alone.

HAQOOQ UL IBAD (RIGHTS OWED TO FELLOW MEN OR HUMANITY)

We have to live our life in accordance to the guidelines of Islam. Being a Muslim we have a responsibility towards our Parents, our parents, our brothers, our sisters, our relatives, our Neighbors. Right of fellow men also includes the rights of Orphans, the rights of poor and needy from the beggars, the travelers, the strangers and every other person; they have to be treated fairly and in the best manner.

HAQOOQ UL KHALQ (RIGHTS OWED TO THE CREATION)

Being a Muslim we will be accounted for our behavior towards the creations of God. The rights owed to the creation of God may include rights/behavior towards the earth, the mountains, the sky, the air and the water. We have to manipulate these creations of God for the betterment of the humanity without polluting them for our selfishness.

Other creation of God may include the creation on the land, in the sea and the rivers such as the trees, the animals, the birds, the insects etc.

Therefore a Muslim will treat the creation of God wisely and will not be part of the destruction of this beautiful creation.

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COMPILATION OF THE QURAN

Despite the controversy generated by Islamic historical sources, from a Quranic analysis it appears that the complete Quran was fully transcribed, compiled and committed to writing during the life of the Prophet.

From the Quran’s perspective (without question the most reliable historical source contemporaneous to the time of the Prophet), the position that a later copy had to be collated / compiled by the companions of the Prophet seems untenable.

If one accepts the testimony of the Quran, all debates surrounding the Quran being committed to writing later by the Caliphs, or the burning of certain copies, or to its insinuated redaction, missing verses, political motives, or the idea of companions writing it on leaves, animals skins or debris parchments become futile.

THE QURAN WAS PUT TOGETHER BY ALLAH’S DECREE DURING THE LIFETIME OF THE PROPHET

25.32 “And those who disbelieve say: Why is the Quran not revealed to him all at once? (It is revealed) thus that We may strengthen thy heart there with; and We have arranged it in right order (Arabic: Ratalnahu tartila)”

There are some key terms here that enhance understanding and context.

The phrase ‘Ratalnahu tartila’ clearly denotes the well constructed action of putting together of component parts into one integral whole endowing the complete scripture with an ‘airtight’ inner consistency devoid of errors. Further usage of this term is discussed in the next section.

This response must be understood in the pretext of the charge being made against the Prophet in the same verse.

The disbelievers ask, ‘Why is the Quran not revealed to him all at once?’ i.e. as one integral unit (Jumlatan Wahida). Regardless of the obvious charge of the polemics of Islam at the time of the Prophet with this statement which hints at a Prophet of Allah revealing verses to suit certain conditions, the Quran’s statement clearly denies the insinuations and admits to a well planned and arranged structure despite its piecemeal revelation.

75:16-17 “Move not thy tongue concerning the (Quran) to make haste with it. It is for Us to collect it and to promulgate it”

The above verse clearly states the purpose of Allah to collect it (The Quran) / put together and then to order its recitation.

THE QURAN WAS PUT TOGETHER BY THE PROPHET HIMSELF BY ALLAH’S DECREE

Many English translations completely misrepresent the essence of verse 73:4 stating that the Prophet is being asked to recite the Quran in slow measured tones or chant it in a manner that it should be chanted.

73:4 “…and arrange (Arabic: Wa-rattili) the Quran in its arrangement (Arabic: Tartilan)”

Both the words rattilli and tartilan are formed of the same root word RA-TA-LAM which means to put something in order, to make even or well arranged/set together, to make correct or to put in the right state of arrangement.

We noted similar uses of the word in verse 25:32 which connects with the verse above. Therefore the arrangement of the Quran was not only put together in the lifetime of the Prophet, but by the Prophet himself by Allah’s decree and under the Prophet’s supervision.

Whether this ‘arrangement’ is being instructed as a requirement during any recitation the Prophet may have made (as common translations seem to imply by the mention of ‘chanting’), the fact that an arrangement is being clearly instructed as an action on behalf of the Prophet is difficult to dispute.

Furthermore, the above verse provides strong indication of the Quran’s initial stages of revelation supported by a process of early arrangement as the next verse confirms.

73.5 Indeed, We will cast upon you a heavy/weighty Word (Arabic: Qawlan thaqilan)

Therefore, the Quran at the point of verse 73:4 is still in its infancy and the Prophet would be ultimately charged with a ‘weighty’ word from Allah completed during the lifetime of his ministry (73:5). As the process of proper arrangement would be a continuous exercise working in tandem with revelation, it is clear that by the time of its completion, the Quran would also be fully arranged in a perfected order. 

THE RELIGION WAS COMPLETED DURING THE LIFETIME OF THE PROPHET

In the famous verse of Surah Maida (Chapter 5), often quoted with reference to the favour bestowed by ‘perfecting the Deen’, one must ask the obvious question as to how it was possible to complete a ‘Deen’ (a system / religion) without the bedrock of instructions formulated and referenced by scripture? One must therefore posit the possible conclusion that for a ‘Deen’ to be complete, the scripture must have taken its final form.

5.3 “Forbidden to you (for food) are: dead meat, blood, the flesh of swine, and that on which has been invoked the name of other than Allah; that which hath been killed by strangling, or by a violent blow, or by a headlong fall, or by being gored to death; that which hath been (partly) eaten by a wild animal; unless ye are able to slaughter it (in due form); that which is sacrificed on stone (altars); (forbidden) also is the division (of meat) by raffling with arrows: that is impiety. This day have those who reject faith given up all hope of your religion: yet fear them not but fear Me. This day have I perfected your religion for you, completed My favor upon you, and have chosen for you Islam as your religion. But if any is forced by hunger, with no inclination to transgression, Allah is indeed Oft-forgiving, Most Merciful”

THE QURAN WAS WRITTEN DOWN BY NOBLE SCRIBES AT THE TIME OF THE PROPHET

80.13-16 “(It is) in sheets / pages held (greatly) in honour (Arabic: fi suhufin mukarrama), Exalted (in dignity), kept pure and holy (Arabic: marfu’atin mutahhara), (Written) by the hands of scribes. (Arabic: bi’aydi safara), honourable and pious and just (Arabic: kiramin barara)”

Other Quranic references also strengthen this position:

68.1 Nun. By the Pen and the (Record) which (men) write,-

96.1-5 “Read in the name of your Lord Who created. He created man from a clot. Read and your Lord is Most Honorable, Who taught (to write) with the pen. Taught man what he knew not”

98.2-3 “A messenger from Allah, reciting purified pages. Wherein are laws (or decrees) right and straight”

25.5 “And they say: The stories of the ancients – he has got them written – so these are read out to him morning and evening”

Note that albeit an accusation of plagiarism is being made by the disbelievers against the Prophet, there is more than an allusion that the Quran was already committed (being committed) to written form.

THE RESPONSIBILITY OF THE QURAN’S PROTECTION WAS WITH ALLAH NOT MAN

15:9 “We have, without doubt, sent down the Reminder (Zikr); and We will assuredly guard it (from corruption)”

THE QURAN LEGITIMISES ITS OWN STUDY

The Quran clearly states with regards itself that:

It is a clear proof (6:157)

That it is a book in which its verses are explained in detail (41:3)

It is a manifest light (42:52)

That it fully explains to mankind in all kinds of ways and similitude (39:27;17:89;18:54:)

Readers are asked to ‘tadabur’ on the Quran (Ponder, reflect, study ardently till the matter is completely clear) and follow it in strict terms:

Think, meditate, endeavour to understand it, research it and study it repeatedly in order to know it.

23.68 “ Do they not ponder (Arabic: Tadaburu) over the Word (of Allah), or has anything (new) come to them that did not come to their fathers of old?”

47.24 “Do they not then earnestly seek to understand the Quran (Arabic: Tadabaruna), or are their hearts locked up by them?”

50:45 “We know best what they say; and you are not one to overawe them by force. So admonish with the Quran such as fear My Warning!”

CONCLUSION

It is clear from many references that the Quran has a simple message that it is an unambiguous scripture and that all humankind is invited to reflect, ponder and meditate on its verses. The Quran is not merely restricted to man appointed ‘specialists’ or ‘clergy’ that can potentially guide the text to fit their own motives. Rather, it is a duty for all to seek and extract its core and peripheral messages. There is clearly more than a tacit allusion that there exists a divine legitimacy to study the Quran for oneself through the consistency of the primary text itself.

From the Quran’s own consistency and message, it seems clear that the Quran took its final written form including its collation during the time of the Prophet. It was the written and oral transmission working in tandem, which most likely assisted in its preservation.

Source: http://quransmessage.com/articles/the%20compilation%20of%20the%20quran%20FM3.htm

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SHAB E BARAT THE NIGHT OF SALVATION OR THE NIGHT OF FREEDOM FROM THE FIRE OF HELL

SHAB E BARAT ANOTHER FALSEHOOD FROM THE HADITHS

Sunnis observe Mid-Sha’ban as a night of worship and salvation. Various hadiths have been in this regard, some weak and others graded hassan or sahih.

Some of the hadiths related to Shaban month & Night:

1-It was narrated that Aishah said:

“The Prophet used to fast Shaban.” ‘

Grade: Sahih (Darussalam)
Reference: Sunan an-Nasa’i 2181
Vol. 3, Book 22, Hadith 2183

3- It was narrated from Umm Salamah:

That the Messenger of Allah would not fast any two consecutive months except Shaban and Ramadan.

Sunan an-Nasa’i 2352
Vol. 3, Book 22, Hadith 2354

3- It was narrated from Abu Musa Al-Ash’ari that the Messenger of Allah said:

“Allah looks down on the night of the middle of Sha’ban and forgives all His creation, apart from the idolater and the Mushahin.”

Vol. 1, Book 5, Hadith 1390
Book 5, Hadith 1453

4- It was narrated that ‘Aishah said:

“I missed the Prophet one night, so I went out looking for him. I found him at Al-Baqi’, raising his head towards the sky. He said: ‘O ‘Aishah, were you afraid that Allah and His Messenger would wrong you?’” She said: “I said: ‘No, it is not that, but I thought that you had gone to one of your other wives.’ He said: ‘Allah descends on the night of the middle of Sha’ban to the lowest heaven, and He forgives more than the numbers of hairs on the sheep of Banu Kalb.’”

Sunan Ibn Majah
Vol. 1, Book 5, Hadith 1389
Book 5, Hadith 1452

THE BELIEVES ABOUT THIS DAY:

1. Some people believe that in Surah al-Dukhan (44:3-4) there is a reference to this night as Allah says, “We sent it (the Qur’an) down during a blessed night. We are truly warners. In that night is made distinct every affair of wisdom”

-But the night referred to here cannot be a Sha’ban night, because it is said here clearly that the Quran was revealed in this night. We know from the Surah al-Qadr (97) that the Quran was revealed in the night of Qadr and we also know from the Quran (Al-Baqarah 2:185) that the Qur’an was revealed in the Ramadan, so it is obvious that the night of the revelation of the Quran was in Ramadan, not Sha’ban, and that it was Laylatul Qadr not Shab-e-barat (or the Sha’ban night).

2. Some people also say that in the 2nd year of Hijrah, the direction of Qiblah was changed from Jerusalem to Ka’bah (Makkah) on the 15th day of Sha’ban.
-This report is also not confirmed by so called authentic hadiths.

According to most of the scholars of Tafsir, the Qur’an has not mentioned anything about the Sha’ban night. There are some Ahadith that speak about the Middle of Sha’ban and its night. However, the scholars of Hadiths say that most of the hadiths concerning this night are not sound. They are weak (da’if) according to the criteria of the Muhaddithin.

THE SUPERSTTIONS ABOUT THIS DAY:

1. some people believe that the spirits (arwah) of the deceased visit their relatives during this night.

2. Some believe that there is a special Tree in the heaven upon whose leaves are the names of all human beings, and whatever leaves drop during this night, those people are destined to die in this year.

3. Some think that the decisions about the life and death of people are made during this night.

All these beliefs and superstitions do not belong to the authentic teachings of the Quran.

CONCLUSION

There is no proof of Shab-e-Barat Night from the Quran.

Nowhere in the Quran it is mentioned to fast on this day.

Nowhere in the Quran Allah said a person will get salvation from the hell-fire on this night.

Nowhere in the Quran that fate of people decide for one year on this night.

Nowhere in the Quran it is mentioned that Shab-e-Barat is a special night.

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