THEY SAY ‘FOLLOWING THE MESSENGER MEANS FOLLOWING THE SUNNAH’ DOES IT REALLY? BY KHIDR AMARI

As believers we should be very careful not studying the Book of Allah for ourselves and for a good reason. There is nothing more powerful than seeing the truth for yourself. If you actually read what I say, then study the Quran to check what I say, you will be shocked. In fact, I guarantee it. Allah’s book is for reading and understanding, pondering and reflection.

The Qur’an teaches us to use our minds, investigate, seek knowledge, evidence, proof…  See, when people control information and do not foster independent thinking, thus, then they are breeding a slave making religion and this is exactly what the so-called sheiks, imams, ulama, mullas, religious leaders of their sect have done to Islam today. It has become a religion instead of a deen. I have to say that its no wonder why as Muslims we are in a state of emergency today more than ever.

They (the sectarians) from the Sunnis/Shias say following the Messenger (Muhammad) is a must and they also say that ayaah (verses) of the Qur’ân treat a subject in a general manner without a specific condition. As an example of what came in a general way in the Qur’ân is the Salaah.

They say the Qur’an does not mention how many Rak`ahs (units of prayer) we should make, or how to physically move during prayer, or the time for prayer. Similarly, they say the Qur’ân does not mention the minimum amount of money to have before giving Zakaah in which they believe is (charity) or the conditions by which to pay it. Many of our `Ibaadaah’ worship cannot be performed without stopping at the explanations related to the regulations, pillars, and conditions of nullification.

What does Allah have to say about His Book?

Allah says,

“…We have revealed to you this book to provide explanations for everything… (16:89),”

When we study the Qur’an it clears up what it has to clear up, and everything that requires clarification and elucidation has been clarified and elucidated in the Qur’an and not through  some outside books called Hadith and Sunnah compiled by Sahih Bukhari/Muslim and company.

And something which doesn’t require elucidation is in no need to be elucidated, especially in a Book whose verses have been detailed from a Most Wise, Most Cognizant.

“…We have revealed to you this book to provide explanations for everything, and guidance, and mercy, and good news for the submitters. (16:89)”.

Hence, the explanations of the Qur’an are a “guidance” for the believers who are seeking guidance amongst a mass of ambiguity and uncertainty. The explanations found in the Qur’an are also a “mercy” for the believers seeking guidance because it makes known to him/her what was unknown, and it guarantees him/her security and divine mercy as well as good news.

The details of the Qur’an are also connected to guidance and mercy.

Allah says,

“We have given them a scripture that is fully detailed, with knowledge, guidance, and mercy for the people who believe. (7:52)”.

Therefore, the Qur’anic details which include everything we need to be guided right is in the Qur’an and this means that it is a guidance and a mercy for those who need these details. And if it so happened that such things were clear and didn’t require detailing or clarification, then it would be futile to clarify what is already clear.

Unfortunately, we humans are prone to convert any details in our communication to unnecessary guesswork and mere assumptions for which there is no need and cannot, practicably, be put to use; and this is exactly what the details of the Book avoid, for it only provides the details we actually need. Hadith books provides details that are not validated in the Book of Allah and Hadith books only complicate and make practicing this deen even more difficult.

Also, in matters of irrelevant details they ask about the colour the companions hair? What was their favourite food? Did they wear sandals or barefoot? Did they sing in the shower or not? Did the Prophet sit or stand urinating? How did he walk and what did he do when he ate did he stand or sit? What leg should be the first leg entering the bathroom? What leg should be the leg exiting the bathroom? What hand did the Prophet Muhammad eat with…etc?

All the questions above are irrelevant, just like the extra details they always seem to require. Quite simply: knowing these details, are they necessary for our salvation? The answer is no.

For this reason, the details of the Qur’an are connected to precise laws, and Allah says in this regard,

“A.L.R. This is a scripture whose verses have been perfected, then elucidated. It comes from a Most Wise, Most Cognizant. (11:1)”.

“We have given them a scripture that is fully detailed, with knowledge, guidance, and mercy for the people who believe. (7:52)”.

As believers who research and study the whole Qur’an like Allah tells us to do we find it sufficient.

Alhumduillah, these beleivers are the only ones who understand the Quran. Regarding this Allah says

“… We thus explain the revelations for people who know. (7:32),” and “…We thus explain the revelations for people who reflect. (10:24),”

and

“…We thus explain the revelations for people who understand. (30:28).”

Allah also says

“A scripture whose verses provide the complete details, in an Arabic Qur’an, for people who know. (41:3)”.

As for those who don’t know, such as those Muslims who advocate for Hadith, they are the ones who challenge the Qur’an’s assertions, disbelieving its clarity and not believing that it details everything; they say

1) ‘Where is the number of units of prayer mentioned in the Qur’an?’ or, 2) ‘Where is the method for prayer mentioned in the Qur’an?’ or, 3) ‘How should we perform the pilgrimage?’ Some of them mock and say 4) ‘Where are the days of the week mentioned in the Qur’an?’

What does Allah have to say about people like them in His Book? Allah says

“As for those who constantly challenge our revelations, they have incurred a retribution of painful humiliation. (34:5).”

Now Allah refers to them in this verse in the past tense, so what of the present in 2011?

Allah  says

“As for those who yasʿawna (strive) fī (against) āyātinā (our revelations),muʿājizīna (to) cause failure, they will abide in retribution. (34:38)”.

They say it is thus a must to return to Rasoolullaah (Messenger of Allah) meaning the ‘Sunnatu Rasoolillah’ to know the rules in a comprehensive and clear manner. Now this is what they say. They say the Companions faced incidents in which the Qur’ân had no ruling, and there was a need to return to the Prophet Muhammad’s (Sunnatu Rasoolillah) to know the ruling of such matters because it was the Prophet Muhammad who was ordered by Allah to teach humanity, and it is the Prophet Muhammad who is the most knowledgeable of mankind about that which Allah expects from us. Again, this is what they say now does the Qur’an agree to this or disagrees, we shall see. Insha Allah

Let’s take for what it is worth what they say that we have to follow the Prophet Muhammad and that entails following outside books of the Qur’an called Nataq-un-Nabi” (Speech of Nabi) Hadith.

Are we to accept what they say at face value no because Allah tells us to verify all information we receive. We cannot accept unquestionably any information without verifying it.

Allah says,

“Do not pursue what you have no knowledge of. Hearing, sight and hearts will all be questioned.” 17/36

It is these so called Habr/Religious Scholars who hinders people from the path of Allah described in His Book. How do they hinder the people from the path of Allah, they do it by inventing laws from their own selves and then falsely attributing them to Allah. They also tutor/indoctrinate their followers to accept without hesitation what ever they teach, thus render useless their reasoning ability, and their followers are deluded to consider the concoted teachings of the Habr/Religious Scholars to be the divine truth.

The Qur’an resents such in the strongest terms:

“Woe, then, to those who write the book with their hands and then say: This is from Allah, so that they may take for it a small price; therefore woe to them for what their hands have written and woe to them for what they earn.” (2:79)

In Surah Ash-Shoora we are reminded about those who invent Shariah-laws by themselves and then falsely attribute them to Allah and His messenger:

“Or have they associates who have prescribed for them any Shariah laws that Allah does not sanction? And were it not for the word of judgment, decision would have certainly been given between them; and surely the unjust shall have a painful punishment.” (42:21)

They say we have to follow the  Nataq-un-Nabi” (Speech of Nabi) Hadith/Sunnatu and the Rasoolillah (Sunnah of Muhammad).

Allah presents us with a clear argument against the Ahlul Kitab (People of the Book) when they said that Paradise only Jewish and Christians will be allowed to enter. Allah tells us to say “Produce the proof if you are truthful”. This is not only applicable to the Ahlul Kitab (People of the Book) its applicable today towards any one especially towards Muslims who advocate for Hadith.

“And they said: “Will never enter the Paradise except who was Jewish or Christian .” Those are their wishes/desires. Say: “Give me your proof/evidence if you were truthful.” 2/111

So the argument the Advocates for Hadith make, they say,

“The Qur’an does not mention how many Rak`ahs (units of prayer) we should make, or how to physically move during prayer, or the time for prayer. Similarly, they say the Qur’ân does not mention the minimum amount of money to have before giving Zakaah in which they believe is (charity) or the conditions by which to pay it. Many of our `Ibaadaah’ worship cannot be performed without stopping at the explanations related to the regulations, pillars, and conditions of nullification. They say it is thus a must to return to Rasoolullaah (Messenger of Allah) meaning the ‘Sunnatu Rasoolillah’ to know the rules in a comprehensive and clear manner.”

So a very good response to this is to say what Allah says, “Say: “Give me your proof/evidence if you were truthful.”

PRODUCE ONE VERSE IN AL QUR’AAN THAT SAYS EITHER ONE OF THE FOLLOWING:

(1) We are suppose to follow Nataq-un-Nabi” (Speech of Nabi)/ Sunnatu Rasoolullah (Sunnah of Messenger) by ‘NAME’ 

or…

(2) We will get guidance from Nataq-un-Nabi” (Speech of Nabi) / Sunnatu Rasoolullah (Sunnah of Messenger) by ‘NAME’ or

(3) We are suppose to believe in Nataq-un-Nabi” (Speech of Nabi) / Sunnatu Rasoolullah (Sunnah of Messenger) by ‘NAME’ ? or

(4) Nataq-un-Nabi” (Speech of Nabi) / Sunnatu Rasoolullah (Sunnah of Messenger) was revealed or sent down (nazala) to Muhammad by ‘NAME’?

Now in response to the four points mention above they won’t be able to produce one ayat proving Bayyinat (Clear Evidence). But in an attempt to justify their behavior towards seeking outside books called Hadith their response is of the following that they say justifies Hadith.

They quote ayats like these out of context I will deal with each ayat in brief for the sake of time and show the fallacy how they claim or distort the ayats using inference even though Nataq-un-Nabi” (Speech of Nabi) / Sunnatu Rasoolillah (Sunnah of Messenger) by ‘NAME’  is not mentioned at all.

Does the Hadith explain the Qur’an?

They say the Prophet Muhammad’s job as a messenger was not just to deliver the Qur’an like a postman but his duty is also to explain and give commentary of the divine message. While it is correct to state that the messengers duty was not restricted to merely reciting the Qur’an to his people, as is evident by the words:

“..He will give them the knowledge of the Book ..” (2:129), it is also an incontestable fact that the books of traditions, Ahadith, that are upheld by varous sects the major two sects between the Sunnis and the Shia do not contain the explanation of each and every verse of the Qur’an.

 Allah also made it clear to us that the duty of Rasoolullaah is to clarify the truth to people when there is a dispute:

“And We sent down the Book to thee for the express purpose, that thou should make clear to them those things in which they differ, and that it should be a guide and a mercy to those who believe.” [Qur’ân 16:64]

Allah has told us about the duty of Rasoolullaah with respect to the Qur’ân, where Allah  said:

“And We have sent down unto thee (also) the Message; that thou mayest explain clearly to men what is sent for them, and that they may give thought.” [Qur’ân 16:44]

Now the question is was the Prophet’s job to “explain” the Qur’an to the people?

A better translation of this same ayat is

“With proofs of their mission and Scriptures: and to thee have we sent down this Book of Monition litubayyina (that thou mayest make clear) to men what hath been sent down to them, and that they may ponder it.” Surah 16/44

The Qur’an is not like an ordinary book, such that most other books discuss a specific topic at one place and have their subjects compiled and bifurcated within specific chapters.
Unlike this, the Book of Allah has its topics spread out throughout itself within various chapters.

Example being the topic of divorce we find verses dealing with the subject of divorce in Surah Al-Baqara of the Qur’an, then we should also study Surah Al Nisa the fourth Chapter then in Surah Al Ahzaab the thirty third chapter and further in Sura At Tal’aaq which is the sixty fifth chapter of the Qur’an. This is how we should study the Qur’an.

By compiling all the verses about the topic or subject of divorce as discussed in all the locations of the Qur’an we come to know what the Book of Allah has to say about this subject or topic. And we observe that each verse clarifies and explains the other.

Alhumduillah, It is by this manner that Allah Himself has dealt with different subjects in His Book by repeating topics in various Surahs throughout the Qur’an. The manner of exegesis/explanation is or recurrence and repetition of subjects or topics within the Qur’anic verses, and it is by this method that the Book of Allah deals with various topics and provides its own explanation. It does not need assistance from man made books called Hadith to explain the ayats/verses. The Qur’an is a Standalone Book.

We are reminded:

“See how We repeat the verses that they may understand.” (6:65)

“And certainly We have repeated for mankind in this Quran, every kind of similitude, but the majority of mankind do not consent to aught but denying.” (17:89)

Allah Himself has circulated topics within His Book, and what is unclear at one passage is made distinct by another verse in another passage within the Qur’an itself. One verse will throw light on the other. Furthermore we are informed that the messenger of Allah also explained the Qur’an by the Qur’an itself:

“And thus do We repeat the verses and that they may say: You have read; and that We may make it clear to a people who know.” (6:108)

It is evident from the above that the messenger’s lectures on the Qur’an were based on , i.e. recurrence of Ayat, to clarify topics within the Qur’an. The messenger gave Dars ul Qur-an, by this manner, and the Qur’an was clarified by the Qur’an itself. This is further supported in Surah Al-Furqan, where a certain objection of the unbelievers is identified:

“The unbelievers say: “Why is not the Qur’an revealed to him all at once? Thus (is it revealed gradually) that We may strengthen thy heart thereby and We have rehearsed it to thee in slow well-arranged stages gradually. And no example do they bring to thee but We bring to thee the truth and the best explanation.” (25:32-33)

“And no example do they bring to thee but We bring to thee the truth and the best ‘Tafsir’ (exegesis)” (25:33)

Allah revealed verses which provided Tafsir of other verses themselves and we will see what remained ambiguous or unclear in one verse, its clarification and exegesis/explanation was provided by Allah Himself by the gradual descent of other verses of the Qur’an. Hence Allah provided the Tafsir/Explanation of the Qur’an by the Qur’an itself, and did not make His Book dependent on any compilations of traditions for its exegesis/explanation.

Again, it is by this method that Allah gave the Tafsir/Explanation of His Book to the messenger and the messenger inturn conveyed to his people. The messenger did not give any separate book of Tafsir that they say is, ‘The Hadith/Sunnah Books’ to the Ummah as the Tafsir of the Qur’an which he imparted on the Ummah was contained inside the pages of the Qur’an itself.

While it is identified that the Qur’an explains its self by repetition of verses, we are also instructed to ponder and reflect on Allah’s Book, for the message of the Qur’an will be evident to those who will strive to comprehend its meaning and conduct research on it. It is mentioned that those who will use their faculties of understanding and engage in an inquiry into the meaning of the divine message, for them the Qur’anic verses will be rendered plain:

“Thus do We make the verses distinct for a people who reflect.” (10:24)

“Indeed We have made the verses distinct for a people who will utilize their understanding.” (6:98)

Along with stating the above, we are also advocated to ponder and reflect on the Book:

“A Book We have revealed to you abounding in good that they may ponder over its verses, and that those endowed with understanding may be mindful.” (38:29)

Allah tells us to reflect and ponder over the Book has been given for all generations, so that in the light of divine guidance we seek the solutions to the problems of our times. The meaning of the Qur’an will be made clear by the repetition of verses and likewise we are asked to use our ability of Aql (reason and intellect) to understand the Qur’an.

The following verses shed further light in stating that the meaning of Allah’s Book will be evident by and it is in this manner that Qur’an should be understood:

” See how We repeat the verses that they may understand.” (6:65)

“See how We repeat the verses, yet they turn away (from the truth rendered by recurrence of Ayat).” (6:46)

It is Allah, who is the ‘Mufasir’ i.e commentator of the Qur’an, and the Tafsir of one verse was provided by the revelation of other verses which would throw light on the subject under discussion. Thus it is said:

“Ar-Rahmaan (The Beneficent God). It is He who teaches the Qur’an.” (55:1-2)

Not only was the revelation, compilation and protection of the Book taken up by Allah himself, but also its explanation.

As we are informed:

“Do not move your tongue with this (Qur’an) to make haste with it. Surely on Us (devolves) the collecting of it and the reciting of it. Therefore when We have recited it, follow its recitation. Again on Us (devolves) the explaining of it.” (75:16-19)

Its very clear who explains Allah’s Book, it is Allah who provides the Tafsir of His Book by that is, by repetition of verses.

So again, Surah 16/44 makes it clear and only corresponds to Surah 75/16-19

“With proofs of their mission and Scriptures: and to thee have we sent down this Book of Monition litubayyina (that thou mayest make clear) to men what hath been sent down to them, and that they may ponder it.” Surah 16/44

See, a true Sunni or Shia will attest that the Book of Allah, which is free from all discrepancies, is clear and distinct in its meaning, is applicable in all times, can never ever be subjected to a body of literature that is contradictory and unreliable sources.

The Fact of the matter it was because of fabrications thousands if not millions of fabricated Hadith that surfaced is what sparked and caused this mess in the first place for a so called Science of Hadith to come into play in the first place and that being said even with this so called Science of Hadith we still have among the Ummah, granted Muhammad was onlyONE MAN, yet we still have today:

1) incomplete, 
2) contradictory with itself and established facts of science, 
3) is accepted by one sect while rejected by the other, and 
4) was compiled and collected by human beings who were not even present during the period of Qur’anic revelation, but simply compiled there history by heresy and conjecture.

Its a historical FACT that the rules for hadith science were not developed or classified until the early ==> 11th century <==, by

1) Al-Hakim (d.1014) who developed 52 categories, and then 
2) Ibn al-Salah (d.1245) who developed 65 categories.

This was way late in the centuries the 11 century that is do you know how long that took after the death of the Prophet in the 6th century.

Also irrefutable facts regardless if you are a Sunni or Shia claiming your Hadith is authentic or your so called Science of Hadith is water proof the questions that can’t be answered by either groups is:

1) Does Hadith provide the historical circumstances of each and every verse of the Qur’an? 

2) Is there only one consistent set of data available for this? 

3) Does the whole Muslim Ummah have an un errant source for this material or does every sect have its own version of “Asbaab ul nuzzul”?

What is the ‘Asbaab ul nuzzul’? It suppose to mean the causes of revelation and historical backgrounds that are attributed to the revelation of verses, are known.

They say we are obligated to follow any ruling by Rasoolullaah Muhammad in any dispute:

“Indeed, by your Lord, they will not believe till they make you adjudge in their disputes and find no constraint in their minds about your decisions and accept them with full acquiescence.” 4/65

But this is what they are inferring Allah is saying,

“Indeed, by your Lord, they will not believe till they make you (His Hadith) adjudge in their disputes and find no constraint in their minds about your decisions and accept them with full acquiescence.” 4/65

See the Exegesis/Explanation/Tafsir comes from the Qur’an alone its clear that the Qur’an explains itself.

What does Allah say,

“It is not meet for a Human Being that Allah should give him the Book and Government and ‘Nabuwah’ (Prophethood), then he should say to people: Be subservient to me rather than Allah; but on the contrary (he would say): Become sustenance providers (to mankind) because of your teaching the Book and your studying (it yourselves).” (3:79)

What does this tell us it says above that even a ‘Nabi’, i.e. a person who is a direct recipient of Allah’s message cannot make any other human being subservient to his own laws, but he too is asking the people to be obedient to the law of Allah by studying the Book of Allah and teaching it to others as well.

The Prophet Muhammad does not come with his own commands at all to judge any one. het commands the Prophet Muhammad comes with are from the Book of Allah,

Allah says,

“Shall I seek OTHER than Allah as a source of law when he has revealed to you this BOOK distinctly clarified?” [6:144]

Notice: It doesn’t say Hadith as a source of law now doesn’t?

“To thee We sent the Scripture in truth, confirming the scripture that came before it, and guarding it in safety: so judge between them by what ALLAH has revealed, and follow not their vain desires, diverging from the Truth that hath come to thee. To each among you have we prescribed a law and an open way. If Allah had so willed, He would have made you a single people, but (His plan is) to test you in what He has given you: so strive as in a race in all virtues. The goal of you all is to Allah. it is He that will show you the truth of the matters in which ye dispute. And this: Judge between them by what ALLAH has revealed, and follow not their vain desires, but beware of them lest they beguile thee from any of that (teaching) which Allah hath sent down to thee. And if they turn away, be assured that for some of their crime it is Allah’s purpose to punish them. And truly most men are rebellious.” [5:48-49]

Notice: It doesn’t say that the Hadith was revealed and this is what the Prophet Muhammad will use to judge between them. What was revealed was the QUR’AN.

“We have sent down to you this Book of truth, in order to judge between the people.” [4:105]

Notice: Allah says we sent you this Book, what Book is this is it

1) Qur’an

or

2) Hadith

When Allah says,

“Indeed, by your Lord, they will not believe till yuḥakkimūka (they make you judge) in their disputes and find no constraint in their minds about your decisions and accept them with full acquiescence.” 4/65

ḥā kāf mīm (ح ك م) Ha-Kaf-Miim = To restrain from, exercise authority, command, give judgment, judge, be wise.

To restrain/prevent/withhold a person from acting in an evil or corrupt manner, to judge or give judgement, pass sentence, decide judicially, exercise judicial authority/jurisdiction/rule/dominion/government, order or ordain or decree a thing, to be wise, to be sound in judgement, possess knowledge or science and wisdom, render a thing firm/stable/sound/free from defect or imperfection by the exercise of skill.

So now Allah tells us that the Prophet was to made to judge the people in their disputes what does Allah say about this matter?

Allah says,

“Say: I follow only that which is inspired in me from my Sustainer. This (Qur’an) is insight from your Sustainer, and a guidance and a mercy for a people that believe. And when the Qur’an is recited, give ear to it and pay heed, that ye may obtain mercy.” (7:203-204)

“Say, “Whose testimony is the greatest?” Say, “Allah’s. He is the witness between me and you that this Qur’aan has been inspired to me, to preach it to you and whomever it reaches. Indeed, you set up other gods besides Allah.” Say, “I do not testify as you do. I disown your idolatry.” 6/19

And thus have We revealed to you an Arabic Quran, that you may warn the mother city and those around it, and that you may give warning of the day of gathering together where in is no doubt; a party shall be in the garden and (another) party in the burning fire.” (42:7)

The Qur’an is to be used to warn the people:

“Say, “I do but warn you according to revelation.” [21:45]

That is why Allah tells us that the Prophet Muhammad’s mission was not remind the people with the Qur’an alone:

“We know best what they say; and thou art not one to overawe them by force. So remind with the QUR’AN such as fear My Warning.” [50:45]

It’s clear that the Laws/Commandments coming from the Prophet Muhammad are the Hukm/Laws/Commandments of Allah:

“Surely the ‘HUKM’ (Law and Rule) is for none but Allah.” (12:40)

“He does not make any one His associate in His ‘HUKM’ (Laws and Ruling).” (18:26)

Hence, the statement “He (Allah) does not associate anyone in His Laws” is very clear.

Indeed, by your Lord, they will not believe till yuḥakkimūka (they make you judge) in their disputes and find no constraint in their minds about your decisions and accept them with full acquiescence.” 4/65

yuḥakkimūka (they make you judge) in their disputes coincides with Surah 4/65

it’s clear Allah says,

“Indeed, by your Lord, they will not believe till yuḥakkimūka (they make you judge) in their disputes and find no constraint in their minds about your decisions and accept them with full acquiescence.” 4/65

“We have sent down to you this Book of truth, litaḥkuma (so that you may judge)between the people.” [4:105]

“litaḥkuma (so that you may judge) between the people”

Both yuḥakkimūka AND litaḥkuma is saying the same thing there is no SEPARATING the two.

“…And whoever does not JUDGE BY WHAT ALLAH HAS REVEALED – then it is those who are the disbelievers.” Al-Quran 5:44

“… and whoever does not JUDGE BY WHAT ALLAH HAS REVEALED– then it is those who are the wrongdoers.” Al-Quran, 5:45

“…And whoever does not JUDGE BY WHAT ALLAH HAS REVEALED– then it is those who are the defiantly disobedient.” Al-Quran, 5:47

And judge, between them BY WHAT ALLAH HAS REVEALED TO YOU (QUR’AN) and do not follow their inclinations and beware of them, lest they tempt you away from some of what Allah has revealed to you. And if they turn away – then know that Allah only intends to afflict them with some of their [own] sins. And indeed, many among the people are defiantly disobedient.” Al-Quran, 5:49

[Say], ‘Then is it other than Allah I should seek as judge while it is He who has revealed to you the BOOK EXPLAINED IN DETAIL?’ And those to whom We [previously] gave the Scripture know that it is sent down from your Lord in truth, so never be among the doubters.” Surah Al-An’am, ayat 114

They say that Allah also mentioned that Rasoolullaah (The messenger of Allah) was given the Qur’ân and Hikmah (Wisdom) which they say is the Sunnah to teach people the regulations of their deen:

It is stated in certain verses of the Qur’an that the messenger of Allah was to give the knowledge of ‘Al-Kitab’ and ‘Hikmah’. Now as mentioned earlier the Qur’an explains itself so the Qur’an again will define what is ‘Al-Kitab’, i.e. The Book or written laws, and what consists of ‘Hikmah’ i.e. wisdom.

Allah says,

“Our Sustainer! and raise up in them a messenger from among them who shall recite to them your verses and give them knowledge of The Book wal-ḥik’mata (and the wisdom), and proivide development to their personalities; surely Thou art the Mighty, the Wise.” (2:129)

“Certainly Allah conferred a favour upon the believers when He raised among them a messenger from among themselves, reciting to them His verses and providing development to their personalities, and giving them the knowledge of the Book wal-ḥik’mata (and the wisdom), although before that they were surely in manifest error.” (3:164)

Now just looking at this thoroughly putting it on the chopping block what is Al-Kitab?

In the above and many similar verses it is mentioned that the messenger is to give knowledge of the Book and the wisdom. The Book or ‘Al-Kitab’, refers to the Qur’an, as this is clarified in many other verses itself:

“Alif Lam Mim. That is The Book, (Al-Kitab) there is no perplexity in it, guidance to those who guard (against evil).” (2:1-2)

“And recite what has been revealed to you of the Book (Al-Kitab) of your Sustainer..” (18:27)

Yet, they say or want to infer/imply that ‘Hikmah’ or ‘Wisdom’ in the previously mentioned verses refers to something other than ‘Al-Kitab’, hence it is another type of revelation which the messenger received.

They say this revelation which is identified as ‘Hikmah’, is the un recited hidden revelation of Allah, and is not contained in the Qur’an but it is to be found in the books of traditions authenticated by two sects the Sunnis and the Shias.

They say, the Hikmah (Wisdom) is found in the `Six Authentic Books’ of hadith of the majority Sunnite `orthodoxy’ that were compiled, precisely after the promulgation of this theory,

1) by Bukhari (d. 256/870),
2) Muslim (d. 261/875),
3) Abu Daud (d. 275/888),
4)  Tirmidhi (d. 279/892),
5) Ibn Maja (d. 273/886), and
6) al-Nasa’i (d. 303/915)

Hence these compilations of the Sunni Hadith didn’t come around until during the second half of the second and the beginning of the third centuries of Islam, between 220 and 270 years after the Prophet’s death.

They say, the Hikmah (Wisdom) is also found in the the `heterodox’ Shia minority sect that also has its own sets of hadith compiled during the third and fourth centuries, by

1) al-Kulaini (d. 328 or 329), 2) Ibn Babuwayh (d. 381), 3) Jaafar Muhammad al-Tusi (d. 411) and 4) al-Murtada (d. 436) who compiled sayings attributed to Ali.

Notice Muhammad is only one man and we have two authentic sources of each sect of the Sunnis and Shia claiming to have the ‘authentic’ Sunnah which calls to the ‘Hikmah?’

However to term the books of traditions/Hadith as ‘Hikmah’ is very wrong and blasphemy as the Qur’an itself clarifies what is ‘Hikmah’. The claim that ‘Hikmah’ is some revelation outside of the Qur’an is refuted by Allah Himself when after stating the divine values of the Qur’an.

Allah says:

“And remember what is recited in your houses of the verses (Ayati) of Allah and thewisdom (Hikmati); surely Allah is Knower of subtleties, Aware” 33/34

”Allah did confer a great favour on the believers when He sent among them an apostle from among themselves, rehearsing unto them the Signs of Allah, sanctifying them, and instructing them in Scripture wal-ḥik’mata (and Wisdom), while, before that, they had been in manifest error.” [Qur’ân 3:164]

Studying the Qur’an as Allah tells us to do would give us a better overstanding of the word ‘Hikmah’. This very word has been used in the Qur’an numerous times. Given its multi-faceted usage in different contexts, it clearly denotes the ‘enlightenment’ or ‘wisdom’ one acquires from an accumulated body of work or knowledge.

But the key is to know the context of the usage because ‘Hikmah’ (wisdom) is also not restricted to the Prophets or Messengers of Allah, but ‘Hikmah’ is also granted to anyone who reflects, ponders and attempts to grasp the message of Allah and ultimately, to whom Allah pleases.

Allah says,

“He grants wisdom (Hikmata) to whom He pleases; and he to whom wisdom (Hikmata) is granted receives indeed a benefit overflowing; but none will grasp the Message but those of understanding. (albabi).” 2/69

The word ‘Albabi’ is for those who make use of the faculty of thinking and of understanding. These individuals are linked by the grace of Allah with receiving ‘hikmah’.  Therefore, this ‘hikmah’ is available to anyone insha Allah, who attempts to understand the message of Allah by extracting the best meaning.

Hence, Allah says clearly:

“Those who listen to the Word (the Quran) and follow the best meaning in it: those are the ones whom Allah has guided and those are the one’s endowed with understanding (Albabi).” 39/18

Again, its clear in the Qur’an that ‘Hikmah’ does not refer to looking at outside books of tradition/Hadith books because ‘Hikmah’ is also not restricted to Prophet Muhammad nor does it refer to his ‘particular sunna’ as all Prophets of Allah possessed ‘Hikmah’ (wisdom) that is given to them by Allah.

Allah says,

“And when Allah took the covenant of the prophets, saying: “I have given you a Book andWisdom (Hikmatin)…” 3/81

With regards the (qawm) people / generation of Prophet Abraham given Hikmah (Wisom):

Allah says,

“Or do they envy mankind for what God has given them of his bounty? but We had already given the people of Abraham the Book and Wisdom (Hikmata), and conferred upon them a great kingdom” 4/54

Again, we have Prophet Dawud given Hikmah (Wisom) :

“We strengthened his kingdom, and gave him wisdom (Hikmata) and sound judgment in speech and decision.” 38/20

Again we have Prophet Isa ibn Maryam given Hikmah (Wisom): 

“When Isa came with Clear Signs, he said: “Now have I come to you withWisdom (Hikmati), and in order to make clear to you some of the (points) on which ye dispute: therefore fear God and obey me”. 43/63

Also all believers are asked to use ‘Hikmah’ (Wisdom) basically if Allah wills are given Hikmah (Wisom):

“Invite / Call (all) to the Way of thy Lord with wisdom (Hikmati) and beautiful preaching; and argue with them in ways that are best and most gracious: for thy Lord knows best, who have strayed from His path, and who receive guidance.” 16/126

The Qur’an which is the Best Hadith and the only Hadith given to the Prophet Muhammad makes it evident that ‘Hikmah’ (Wisdom) is not some revelation outside of the Qur’an in which we have to put down the Qur’an and open up the sectarian books of the Sunnis and Shias which each group cancels each other’s authenticity out for rejecting each other’s Hadith.

Also Hikmah is another attribute of the Qur’an itself. All the messengers of Allah, received ‘Al-Kitab’ that was composed of written laws and injunctions for governing human society, but along with the law, Allah also gave the Hikmah (Wisdom or Rationale) behind that law.

Since the law of Allah was not meant to be applied forcefully upon people, and it is something that the people have to accept using their faculties of reason and free will, therefore whenever the Qur’an ordaines a law, it also gives the wisdom or reason behind it and asks us to reflect upon the benefits we derive by implementing the divine law in our societies by also applying the Hikmah (Wisdom) within themselves to make it applicable.

They say, Allah did not stop by saying scripture only, but the inclusion of the Sunnah with the Qur’ân is an indication of its important and the obligation on us to follow it as we have to follow the Qur’ân. So they quote this ayat out of context:

What should we follow is it the Qur’an? Is it the Hadith/Sunnah books of Sahih Bukhari and  company?

Allah says,

“Say: If ye do love Allah, fa-ittabiʿūnī (Follow me): Allah will love you and forgive you sins.”  [Qur’ân 3:31]

 And

“He who obeys the Messenger has indeed obeyed Allaah . . .” [al-Nisaa’ 4:80]

Keeping it in context the Qur’an explains itself, Allah’s call is one single call and the Messengers who brings the message is one message. It didn’t start with the Prophet Muhammad.

Allah says,

The Arabic word atwi’ou means to ‘obey’ and this comes first then comes the Arabic word ‘ittibaa’ means to ‘follow’. We cannot follow without obedience. The Arabic word ‘ittibaa’ that means to follow is a concept which should be well overstood and well researched.

What does it mean to ‘ittibaa/follow?’ Does ‘ittibaa/follow mean to follow the messenger in all his

1) private matters and
2) hobbies

Does ittibaa/follow mean to follow the messenger when he committed mistakes and we should do the same and so on?

They have been indoctrinated to believe that ‘Obey the Messenger’ means to follow Hadith of Sahih Bukhari and company and I know it’s hard to digest this.

“He who obeys the Messenger has indeed obeyed Allaah . . .” [al-Nisaa’ 4:80]

I cannot imagine for one second that a great man like the Prophet Muhammad went around telling people to literally be like him in his personal life.

Would Allah sent any Prophet to tell his people to:

1) to look him, 
2) act like him, 
3) dress like him, 
4) think like him, 
4) eat like him, 
5) sleep like him, 
6) drink like him, 
7) urinate like him
8) make love like him
9) stand like him
10 walk like him
11) brush our teeth like him
12) take off our shoes like him

Is this not extreme to obey a human being when Allah tells us not to make any distinctions from His Prophets? Allah says no Prophet would come and say be a worshiper but they would call to the worship of Allah. We are told not to make any distinctions between Allah’s Prophets:

“The Apostle believeth in what hath been revealed to him from his Lord, as do the men of faith. Each one (of them) believeth in Allah, His angels, His books, and His apostles. “We make no ‘nufarriqu’ (distinction) between one and another of His (Allah’s) apostles.” And they say: “We hear, and we obey: (We seek) Thy forgiveness, our Lord, and to Thee is the end of all journeys.” [2:285]

“Say ye: “We believe in Allah, and the revelation given to us, and to Abraham, Isma’il, Isaac, Jacob, and the Tribes, and that given to Moses and Jesus, and that given to (all) prophets from their Lord: We make no ‘nufarriqu’ (distinction) between one and another of them: And we bow to Allah (in Islam).” [2:136]

“ ‘Qul’ Say, ‘mā’ (not) ‘kuntu’ (I am) ‘bid’an’ (a new one) ‘mina’ (among) ‘l-rusuli’ (the Messengers) I have no idea what will happen to me or to you. I only follow what is revealed to me. I am no more than a profound warner.” [46:9]

Honestly, we have to ask ourselves does Allah truly want us to be exactly like the Prophet Muhammad? Is this what Allah wants from us? Even Allah Himself says that piety is not turning one’s face to the east or the west (i.e. outward actions) but piety is to be a believer, to be kind, charitable, patient etc.

“Piety does not lie in turning your face to East or West: Piety lies in believing in God, the Last Day and the angels, the Scriptures and the prophets, and disbursing your wealth out of love for God among your kin and the orphans, the wayfarers and mendicants, freeing the slaves, observing your devotional obligations, and in paying the zakat and fulfilling a pledge you have given, and being patient in hardship, adversity, and times of peril. These are the men who affirm the truth, and they are those who follow the straight path.” Surah 2:177

We should understand that ‘Follow’ is in itself a concept which should be well overstood… and thoroughly researched.

Now lets’ thoroughly examine atwi’ou which means to ‘obey’ then ‘ittibaa’ which means to ‘follow’.

Again, we cannot follow without obedience and the Arabic word ‘ittibaa’

The Arabic root word for ‘ittibaa’ is Tabi’a which means:

1) To follow
2) come with
3) imitate
4) obey
5) be the follower of

Taba’un and Tabi’un means:

1) Follower
2) Helper
3) One who follows or attends upon any one

Atba’a means:

1) To follow
2) Follow up
3) make to follow
4) pursue
5) prosecute

Muttabi’un means:

1) Successive

Ittiba’un means:

1)   Following after

Muttab’un means:

1)   One who is pursued

Allah says in Surah 3:31, “Say: “If ye do love Allah, ‘fa-ittabi’ūnī’ (then follow me):Allah will love you and forgive you your sins: For Allah is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.”

Now, Allah says, “Say: “If ye do love Allah, ‘fa-ittabi’ūnī’ (then follow me)….”

Hence, to follow definitely does not mean follow the messenger in all his private matters and hobbies or when he committed mistakes we do the same… and so on and so on.

Allah makes it clear that the Prophet Muhammad was given a light that was sent down with him and tells us to follow the light and if we follow it we will prosper.

Allah says,

“Those who ‘yattabi’ūna’ (follow) the apostle, the unlettered Prophet, whom they find mentioned in their own (scriptures),- in the law and the Gospel;- for he commands them what is just and forbids them what is evil; he allows them as lawful what is good (and pure) and prohibits them from what is bad (and impure); He releases them from their heavy burdens and from the yokes that are upon them. So it is those who believe in him, honour him, help him, ‘wa-ittaba’ū’ (and follow) nūra (the light) which is sent down with him,- it is they who will prosper.” Surah 7:157

Allah says clearly, “So those who believe in him and respect him and support him and follow the light which was send down with him are the successful ones”.

Hence, the LIGHT that was sent down with him is the Book of Allah, the Qur’an alone.

Now before we can ‘ittibaa’ the Prophet Muhammad we have to atwi’ou which means to ‘obey’.

In Surah 36:20, Allah says, “Then there came running, from the farthest part of the City, a man saying “O my people! ‘ittabi’ū’ (follow) the messengers:”

In Surah 36:21 Allah says, ” ‘ittabi’ū’ (follow) those who ask no reward of you (for themselves), and who have themselves received Guidance.

However, we have to ‘atwi’ou’ (obey) the Prophet Muhammad before we can follow him but the question is what is the message we should obey and what did the Prophet Muhammad called to be followed was it:

1) Qur’an

2) Hadith/Sunnah

If you going ‘obey’ and ‘follow’ Prophet Muhammad literally because Allah says for us many times to ‘obey’ and ‘follow’ the Messenger then you can’t restrict this just to the Prophet Muhammad. Allah says this about many of His Prophets in the Qur’an as I mentioned above already.

Also in Surah 3:55, Allah says, “Behold! Allah said:

“O Jesus! I will take thee and raise thee to Myself and clear thee (of the falsehoods) of those who blaspheme; I will make those who ‘ittaba’ūka (followed) you superior to those who reject Faith, to the Day of Resurrection; then shall ye all return unto Me, and I will judge between you of the matters wherein ye dispute.

In Surah 6:90 Allah says, “Those were the (prophets) who received Allah’s guidance:

‘iq’tadih’ (follow) the guidance they received; Say: “No reward for this do I ask of you: this is no less than a Message for the nations.”

It is clear that the path and the guidance we are to follow belong to no human being separate from the message they bring from Allah and this is what we follow that which the Prophets themselves were instructed to follow.

Prophet Muhammad was instructed to say, “Say:

“I tell you not that with me are the Treasures of Allah, nor do I know what is hidden, nor do I tell you I am an angel. I but ‘attabi’u’ (follow) what is revealed to me.” Say: “Can the blind be held equal to the seeing?” Will ye then consider not? [6:50]

Prophet Muhammad again was instructed to say:

“Say, “I am not different from other messengers, I have no idea what will happen to me or to you. I only ‘attabi’u’ (follow) what is revealed to me. I am no more than a profound warner.” [46:9]

Can the Prophet Muhammad guide any one? What does the Qur’an say?

Allah makes it clear:

“Say: “Allah’s guidance is THE Guidance” [2:120, 3:73, 6:71]

“You cannot guide whom you love. But it is Allah who guides whom He wills; and He is fully aware of those who receive the guidance. [28:56]

“You are not responsible for guiding anyone. Allah is the only one who guides whomever chooses (to be guided). [2:272]

“Say, “I possess no power to harm you, or BENEFIT you through GUIDING you.” [72:21]

They say that Allah guides the believers using the Quran and the Sunnatu Rasoolullah (Sunnah of Muhammad) yet what does Allah say about this in His Book:

“Allah has revealed the most beautiful hadith in the form of a Book, consistent with itself, (yet) repeating (its teaching in various aspects): the skins of those who fear their Lord tremble thereat; then their skins and their hearts do soften to the celebration of Allah’s praises. Such is THE GUIDANCE of Allah: He guides therewith whom He pleases, but such as Allah leaves to stray, can have none to guide.” [39:23]

“Indeed there has come to you from Allah nūrun (a Light) and a Clear Book.  bihi (With it) Allah guides whoever follows His good pleasure to the ways of peace and brings them out from the darkness into the light by His permission: He guides them onto a straight path.” [5:15-16]

Surah 5:15-16 says,

“Indeed there has come to you from Allah nūrun (a Light) and a Clear Book. bihi (With it) Allah guides whoever ittabaʿa (follows) His good pleasure to the ways of peace and brings them out from the darkness into the light by His permission…” corresponds to Surah 7-157 Allah says,

“He releases them from their heavy burdens and from the yokes that are upon them. So it is those who believe in him, honour him, help him, ‘wa-ittaba’ū’ (and follow) nūra (the light) which is sent down with him,- it is they who will prosper.” Surah 7:157IN

So we know what is the guidance can again they say the  أَحْسَنَ الْحَدِيثِ ahsana alhadithi (best Speech) is the Book of Allah which is the Qur’an then they say the best of guidance is the guidance of Muhammad which they are inferring to mean the ‘Sunnatu Rasoolullah (Sunnah of Muhammad).

They are correct to say the best Hadith is the Book of Allah which is the Qur’an.

Allah says,

“Allah has sent down the  أَحْسَنَ الْحَدِيثِ ahsana alhadithi (best speech), a Scripture that is similar with two paths. The skins of those who reverence their Lord shiver from it, then their skins and their hearts soften up to the remembrance of God. Such is God’s guidance; He guides with it whoever He wills. And for whomever God misguides, then none can guide him.”

Then they say,

“the best of guidance is the guidance of Muhammad which they are inferring to mean the ‘Sunnatu Rasoolullah (Sunnah of Muhammad.” Where does the Qur’an confirm anything about the guidance is that of Muhammad or a personal prescribe way that Prophet Muhammad himself called to? Allah has informed us already in His Book that Prophet Muhammad could not guide any one and that Allah is the guide. He guides whom He wills and pleases not the Prophet Muhammad. Allah also makes it clear in terms of what is the true guidance,

Allah says,

“And that when we heard hudā (the guidance), we accepted faith in it; so whoever accepts faith in his Lord, has no fear – neither of any loss nor of any injustice.” 72/13

“Say: It is revealed to me that a company of the Jinn gave ear, and they said: Lo! we have heard a marvellous Qur’an, Which guides to righteousness, so we believe in it and we ascribe unto our Lord no partner. [72:1-2]

“Verily this Qur’an directs you to the path that is straight, and gives happy tidings to those who believe and do the right: For them is a great reward.” 17/9

“For those who are blessed with a sound mind, it is obvious that this revelation of Allah to you is the truth. Qur’an guides man to the path of All Mighty and Praiseworthy.” 34/6

Again, back to my initial point what does it mean to ‘ittibaa/follow?’ Does ‘ittibaa/follow mean to follow the Messenger in terms of some outside books of the Qur’an called Hadith and Sunnah books or does it mean to follow the message, the revelation given to the Prophet Muhammad which was the Qur’an. What does Allah say about this in His Book?

Allah instructs the Prophet Muhammad to:

“Say: “I tell you not that with me are the Treasures of Allah, nor do I know what is hidden, nor do I tell you I am an angel. I attabiʿu (follow) what is revealed to me.” Say: “Can the blind be held equal to the seeing?” Will ye then consider not?” [6:50]

“Say, “I am not different from other messengers, I have no idea what will happen to me or to you. I only follow what is revealed to me. I am no more than a profound warner.” [46:9]

“And when thou bringest not a verse for them they say: Why hast thou not chosen it? Say: I follow only that which is inspired in me from my Lord. This is insight from your Lord, and a guidance and a mercy for a people that believe. And when the QURAN is recited, give ear to it and pay heed, that ye may obtain mercy.” [7:203-204]

Again and again the Prophet Muhammad is instructed to say, “I only follow what is revealed to me.” So its obvious that the Prophet Muhammad is not following his own Hadith or Sunnah in which they assert or led to believe. The Prophet Muhammad is following the same revelation that was revealed to him which was the Qur’an.

“When Our Clear Signs are recited to them, those who do not expect to meet Us say, ‘Bring a Qur’an other than this one or change it.’ Say: ‘It is not for me to change it of my own accord. attabi’u (I follow) nothing except what is revealed to me. I fear, were I to disobey my Lord, the punishment of a Dreadful Day.” 10/15

Now the question is what was revealed to the Prophet Muhammad and is it clear in the Qur’an in terms of what was sent down to him or revealed?

Allah makes it clear:

“Say: “Allah is Witness between me and you: this QUR’AN has been revealed to me by inspiration That I may warn you and all whom it reaches. [6:19]

“We do relate unto you the most beautiful of stories, in that We reveal to you this QUR’AN: before this, you TOO were among those who knew it not.” [12:3]

“And thus have We revealed to you an Arabic Quran, that you may warn the mother city and those around it, and that you may give warning of the day of gathering together where in is no doubt; a party shall be in the garden and (another) party in the burning fire.” (42:7)

But they don’t want to follow what Allah has sent down to the Prophet Muhammad they rather follow the traditions given to them by their fathers. Allah says,

“When they are told, ‘Follow what Allah has sent down to you,’ They say, ‘We are following what we found our fathers doing.’ What, even though their fathers did not understand a thing and were not guided!” 2/170

This is why this verse is clear that if we truly love Allah like we say we do then we would follow the Messenger because he to followed what was sent down. This is why Allah tells us:

Say, ‘If you love Allah, follow me, and Allah will love you and forgive you your sins; Allah is most forgiving, most merciful.” 3/31

When Isa ibn Maryam had his troubles with those he was sent to he asked who will assist in the way of Allah. Some of his companions responded and said they are the helpers of Allah and they believe in Allah and they submitted and obeyed.

“When Isa perceived their unbelief he asked: “Who will help me in the way of Allah?” “We,” the disciples answered, “shall be the helpers of Allah. We believe in Allah; and you be our witness that we submit and obey. Our Lord, we have iman in what You have sent downwaittabaana (and have followed) the Messenger, so write us down among the witnesses.” 3/52-53

So its clear that even Isa ibn Maryam had people follow him. Why is it so strange when Allah says,

“Say, ‘If you love Allah, follow me, and Allah will love you and forgive you your sins; Allah is most forgiving, most merciful.” 3/31

We believe this is calling us to some outside books called Hadith and Sunnah? Did Isa ibn Maryam have outside books that his people had to follow beside the Kitab (Book) and the injil along with Al Hikmah (the Wisdom) that Isa ibn Maryam was given?

So following the messenger does not mean to follow Hadith and Sunnah books.

“When Allah said, ‘‘Isa, I will take you back and raise you up to Me and purify you of those who are kafir. And I will place the people who ittabaʿūka (followed you) above those who are kafir until the Day of Rising. Then you will all return to Me, and I will judge between you regarding the things about which you differed.” 3/55

There was people who followed Isa ibn Maryam as there are people who followed other messengers of Allah. When Allah says ‘follow the messenger’ its not unique with Prophet Muhammad. All of the Prophets of Allah had people follow them and to follow does not mean to follow these messengers in their private lives and attributing to them man made Hadith books and Sunnah books.

All of the Prophets of Allah had one message from the same God calling to the same message. Remember Prophet Shu’aib some followed him also.

Allah says about Prophet Shu’aib:

“The chiefs who had disbelieved from among his people then said, `If itabatum (you follow) Shu`aib you shall then, truly be the losers.’

Allah says about Prophet Aaron:

”Aaron did say to them, ‘My people, this calf is a test for you. Your true Lord is the Lord of Mercy, so follow me and obey my orders.” 20/90

Again this is why Allah says,

“And warn mankind of a day when the doom will come upon them, and those who did wrong will say: Our Lord! Reprieve us for a little while. We will daʿwataka (obey Thy call) wanattabiʿi (and will follow) the messengers. (It will be answered): Did ye not swear before that there would be no end for you?” Surah 14:44

Allah says in 6/153

“This ṣirāṭī (is My Path) mus’taqīman (straight)fa-ittabiʿūhu (so follow it). Do not tattabiʿū (follow) subula (other ways) or you will become cut off from His Way. That is what He instructs you to do, so that hopefully you will have taqwa.”

Remember Allah says,

”Verily this Qur’an directs you to the path aqwamu (that is straight), and gives happy tidings to those who believe and do the right: For them is a great reward.” 17/9

So now we know what guides us to the path that is most straight and it has nothing to do with the Hadith and Sunnah books of Sahih Bukhari/Muslim and company. It is the Qur’an that guides us to the path that is straight. It is the Qur’an that the Prophet Muhammad obeyed/followed and called to.

“A book hath been sent down unto thee: And therefore let there be no doubt in thy breast concerning it; that thou mayest preach the same, and that it may be an admonition unto the believers. ittabiʿū (Follow) what has been sent down to you from your Lordand do not follow any protectors apart from Him. How little you remember!” 7/2-3

They say ‘Obey the Messenger’ means to ‘Obey Muhammad’s Speech’ also contained in the Hadith books of Sahih Bukhari/Muslim and company. Now what does the Qur’an say about this matter?

Very important point:

A messenger perhaps ‘any’ messenger must have a message to be a messenger, hence, when you call someone a “messenger” you are directly linking them to the message, no ifs or buts about it.

Allah says in Surah 4:80 “He who ‘yuti’i’ (obeys) the Messenger, ‘aṭā’a’ (obeyed)Allah. But if any turn away, We have not sent thee to watch over their (evil deeds).”

Now let’s examine the usage of the Arabic word ‘yuṭi’i’ (obeys) in the Qur’an for further clarity of the matter and how its used.

In Surah 2:285 Allah says, “The Messenger believeth in what hath been revealed to him from his Lord, as do the men of faith. Each one (of them) believeth in Allah, His angels, His books, and His apostles. “We make no distinction (they say) between one and another of His apostles.” And they say: “We hear,‘wa-aṭa’nā’ (and we obeyed): (We seek) Thy forgiveness, our Lord, and to Thee is the end of all journeys.”

Remember also the expression:

“He who ‘yuti’i’ (obeys) the Messenger, ‘aṭā’a’ (obeyed) Allah”

This is not a unique expression for the Prophet Muhammad, thus it is for all of the Prophets of Allah:

In Surah 26:108, Allah tells us to OBEY Prophet Noah, “So fear Allah, ‘wa-aṭī’ūni’ (and obey me)

Also in Surah 71:3, Noah said, “That ye should worship Allah, fear Him ‘wa-aṭī’ūni’ (and obey me)…

Allah tells us to OBEY Prophet Hud in Surah  26:126 – “So fear Allah, ‘wa-aṭī’ūni’ (and obey me)…

Allah tells us to OBEY Prophet Saaleh in Surah 26:144  “fear Allah, ‘wa-aṭī’ūni’ (and obey me) and in Surah 26:150 “fear Allah, ‘wa-aṭī’ūni’ (and obey me)

Allah tells us to OBEY Prophet LOT in Surah 26:163 “ You shall fear Allah ‘wa-aṭī’ūni’(and obey me).”

Allah tells us to OBEY Prophet Shu’aib in Surah 26:179 – “fear Allah ‘wa-aṭī’ūni’ (and obey me)

Allah tells us to OBEY Prophet Jesus in Surah 43:63 “When Jesus came with Clear Signs, he said: “Now have I come to you with Wisdom, and in order to make clear to you some of the (points) on which ye dispute: therefore fear Allah ‘wa-aṭī’ūni’ (and obey me).

Now compare what the Prophet Muhammad was instructed to say:

“And ‘wa-aṭī’ū (obey) God and ‘wa-aṭī’ū’ (obey) the messenger and be cautious; but if you turn back, then know that the sole duty of the messenger is the deliverance (of the message)” Surah 5:92

“And ‘wa-aṭī’ū’ (obey) God ‘wa-aṭī’ū’ (and obey) the messenger, but if you turn back, then upon Our messenger is the sole duty of the clear delivery (of the message)” 64:12

“Whoever ‘yuṭi’i (obeys) Allah and his Messenger will be admitted to gardens beneath which rivers flow to live there (forever), and that will be the great achievement” (Surah An-Nisa 4:13)

In Surah 3:132 “ ‘wa-aṭī’ū’ (and obey) Allah and the Messenger; that ye may obtain mercy.”

In Surah 47:33 Allah says, “O ye who believe!  ‘wa-aṭī’ū’ (obey)  Allah and  ‘wa-aṭī’ū’ (obey) the Messenger, and make not vain your deeds!”

Now if you research the word Messenger, is derived from the word Message. The duty of a  Messenger is to deliver a Message. Now if there was no message there would be nomessenger. Hence, to Obey the Messenger would thus mean to obey the message he is delivering.

Further research will make it clear in the Qur’an that in the Book of Allah we never read anywhere in the Quran words like “Obey God and obey Muhammad” or obey Jesus, or obey Moses as I have shown earlier.

The words used are always “obey the messenger“.

This is to emphasize that it is the “message” of Allah that is to be obeyed and not the personal words or views of the messenger.  Again, the word Messenger is derived from the word Message and if there was no message there would be no messenger.

Hence, to Obey the Messenger means to obey the message he delivered.

Let’s analyze the Arabic word ‘atwi’ou’ (obey) further the root word is Ta’a which means:

1)   To obey, permit

Tau’an means:

1)   With witting obedience

Tau’un means:

1) Obedient

Ta’tun means:

1) Obedience

Ta’i’un means:

Obedient

Tawwa’a means:

1) To permit, consent

Ata’a means:

1) To obey

Muta’un means:

1) Obeyed

When Qur’an instructs us to ‘aṭī’ū’ (obey) God ‘wa-aṭī’ū’ and obey the messenger  it’s not talking about following the Prophet Muhammad in a literal sense and this is what Christians do when it comes to Prophet Jesus.

Remember Prophet Isa ibn Maryam also said in Surah 43:63 “When Isa came with Clear Signs, he said:

“Now have I come to you with Wisdom, and in order to make clear to you some of the (points) on which ye dispute: therefore fear Allah ‘wa-aṭī’ūni’ (and obey me).”

Now Christians tries to obey and follow the Prophet whom they call Jesus literally which is directly due to their idol worship of him and many Muslim are starting to walk in Christian foot steps with Prophet Muhammad. Not, I but Allah said in the Qur’an that He revealed the Qur’an to Prophet Muhammad and Allah no where in the Qur’an said that he revealed or sent down (nazala) hadith or sunnah books of Sahih Bukhari/Muslim and company to Prophet Muhammad.

Hence, we are suppose to worship Allah ALONE, and we do not follow Prophet Muhammad in the literal sense as what the Hadith advocates have come to do today which is tantamount to Shirk.

We follow the Prophet Muhammad in the sense that Allah revealed a revelation to him called the Qur’an and it was the Qur’an alone that was revealed so in actuality we are not following Prophet Muhammad literally we are following Allah because Allah is the Source of this revelation and it is Allah who sent the Prophet Muhammad into the world, ask yourself if you following hadith and Sunnah books of Sahih Bukhari/Muslim and company and these are the figures you are actually following outside of the Qur’an, who are you following?

Who are you worshiping? True Muslims follow, obey and worship Allah ALONE.

Advertisements
This entry was posted in MISCONCEPTIONS. Bookmark the permalink.

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s