40:11 They will say: “Our Lord, You have made us die twice, and You have given us life twice. Now we have confessed our sins. Is there any way out of this state?”
According the verse 40:11 children of Adam were given twice the Life & the Death.
Now lets See in the Quran whether there is a proof of the children of Adam were given twice Life & Death or not.
PROOF THAT PROPHETS WERE TOGETHER AT THE SAME PLACE
33:7 And when We took from the prophets their covenant. And from you, and from Noah, and Abraham, and Moses, and Jesus, son of Mary; We took from them a solemn covenant.
THE PROPHETS WITH THEIR RESPECTIVE PEOPLE AND COMMUNITIES TOOK A COVENANT
3:81 And God took a covenant from the prophets: “For what I have given you of the Book and wisdom, then a messenger will come to you authenticating what is with you. You will believe in him and support him.” He said: “Do you testify, and agree to this burden?” They said: “We testify.” He said: “Then bear witness, and I am with you bearing witness.”
PROOF THAT CHILDREN OF ADAM WERE TOGETHER AT THE SAME PLACE
2:38 We said: “Descend from it =>ALL OF YOU<=, so when the guidance comes from Me, then whoever follows My guidance, they will have nothing to fear, nor will they grieve.”
20:123 He said: “Descend from this, =>ALL OF YOU<=, for you are enemies to one another. So, when My guidance comes to you, then, whoever follows my guidance, he will not go astray nor suffer.”
=>ALL OF YOU<= means all of Children of Adam.
7:172 And your Lord took for the children of Adam from their backs, their progeny; and He made them witness over themselves: “Am I not your Lord?” They said: “Yes, we bear witness.” Thus you cannot say on the Day of Resurrection that you were unaware of this.
From these verses it is clear that Adam was in Paradise after that God created Progeny/Children of Adam including the Prophets and they all bear witness and made covenants mentioned.
God created Progeny/Children of the Adam in Paradise and he made them witness over themselves and said “Am I not your lord” and all the children of Adam said “ YES, WE BEAR WITNESS” 7:172.
After that we were put to death by God for the first time. Now this is our second birth in this world and our death in this world will we second death. Finally On the day of judgment all the children of Adam will be resurrected and no life or death after resurrection.