THE WORD HADITH & SUNNAH IN THE QURAN

There are 28 verses in the Quran with the Word “Hadith” :

[4:42, 4:78, 4:87, 4:140, 6:68, 7:185, 12:6, 12:21, 12:101, 12:111, 18:6, 20:9, 23:44, 31:6, 33:53, 34:19, 39:23, 45:6, 51:24, 52:34, 53:59, 56:81, 66:3, 68:44, 77:50, 79:15, 85:17, 88:1]

The following is a list of the occurrence of the word hadith/hadeeth and how its used in The Quran.

Possible meanings of the word hadith = narrations, sayings, words, speech, opinions, statement, utterance, discourse, account and tale.

There are 26 occurrences of the word hadith in The Quran and they are shown below. Please remember to read the context (surrounding verses) as this is crucial to understanding the actual verse:

On that day those who rejected and disobeyed the messenger will desire that the earth will swallow them; but they cannot hide any hadith from ALLAH. [4:42]

Wherever you may be, death will find you, even if you are in fortified towers. If any good befalls them, they say: “This is from Allah,” and if any bad befalls them, they say: “This is from you!” Say: “All is from Allah;” what is wrong with these people, they barely understand a hadith! [4:78]

ALLAH, there is no Allah but He. He will gather you for the day of resurrection in which there is no doubt. Who is more truthful in hadith than ALLAH?. [4:87]

And it has been sent down to you in the book, that if you hear ALLAH’s verses being rejected in and ridiculed in, then do not sit with them until they move on to a different hadith; if not, then you are like them. ALLAH will gather the hypocrites and the disbelievers in hell all together [4:140]

And if you see those who meddle in Our verses, then turn away from them until they meddle in a different hadith; and if the devil lets you forget, then do not sit after remembering with the wicked people [6:68]

Did they not look at the dominion of heavens and earth, and all that ALLAH has created?. Perhaps their time is coming near; so in which hadith after this will they have faith? [7:185]

And it is such that your Lord Has chosen you, and He teaches you the interpretation of hadith, and He completes His blessings upon you and upon the family of Jacob, as He completed it for your fathers before that, Abraham and Isaac. your Lord is Knowing, Wise. [12:6]

And the one from Egypt who bought him said to his wife: ‘make his stay generous, perhaps he will benefit us or we make take him as a son’. And it was thus that We established Joseph in the land and to teach him the interpretation of hadith. And ALLAH Has full power over His affairs, but most of mankind do not know. [12:21]

‘My Lord, you have given me sovereignty and taught me the interpretations of hadith. Initiator of the heavens and earth, you are my protector in this world and the hereafter. Make me die a Submitter, and join me with the good doers’. [12:101]

In their stories is a lesson for the people of intelligence. It was not a hadith that was invented, but an authentication of what is already present and a detailing of all things, and a guidance and mercy to a people who have faith. [12:111]

Perhaps you will torment yourself in grief over them, because they will not believe in this hadith at all. [18:6]

And did the hadith of Moses come to you? [20:9]

Then We sent Our messengers in succession. Every time there came to a nation their messenger, they denied him. So We made them follow one another, and We made them a hadith. So away with a people who do not believe. [23:44]

And from the people, there are those who accept baseless hadith to mislead from the path of ALLAH without knowledge, and takes it as entertainment. Those will have a humiliating retribution. [31:6]

O you who believe, do not enter the prophet’s homes except if you are invited to a meal, without you forcing such an invitation. But if you are invited, you may enter. And when you finish eating, you shall leave, without staying to wait for hadith. This used to bother the prophet, and he was shy to tell you. But Allah does not shy away from the truth. And if you ask his wives for something, ask them from behind a barrier. This is purer for your hearts and their hearts. And it is not for you to harm Allah’s messenger, nor that you should marry his wives after him. This is indeed a gross offence with Allah. [33:53]

But they said: ‘our Lord, make the measure between our journeys longer’, and they wronged themselves. So We made them hadith, and We scattered them into small groups. In this are signs for every person who is patient, thankful. [34:19]

Allah has sent down the best hadith; a book that is similar in two ways. The skins of those who reverence their Lord shiver from it, then their skins and their hearts soften up to the remembrance of Allah. Such is Allah’s guidance; He guides with it whoever He wills. And for whomever Allah misguides, then none can guide him. [39:23]

These are Allah’s revelations that We recite to you with truth. So, in which hadith after Allah and His revelations do they believe? [45:6]

Has the hadith of Abraham’s noble guests come to you? [51:24]

Let them produce a hadith like this, if they are truthful. [52:34]

Are you questioning this hadith? [53:59]

Are you disregarding this hadith? [56:81]

The prophet had trusted some of his wives with a certain hadith, then one of them spread it, and ALLAH let him know about it. He then informed his wife of part of the issue, and disregarded part. She said: ‘who informed you of this?’. He said: ‘I was informed by the Knowledgeable, the Expert’. [66:3]

Therefore, let Me deal with those who reject this hadith; We will lead them on whence they never perceive. [68:44]

So in what hadith after this will they believe? [77:50]

Did the hadith of Moses come to you? [79:15]

Has the hadith come to you of the soldiers? [85:17]

Has the hadith come to you of that which will overwhelm? [88:1]

CONCLUSION

1) Allah uses the word hadith to describe The Quran itself, as well as its general meaning.

2) The Quran never uses the word hadith in the way the word is commonly used today (i.e. referring solely to Prophet Muhammad’s hadith, or hadith books).

Which is understandable as the 6 hadith books were compiled between 180-280 years after Prophet Muhammad’s death. Long after The Quran.

3) In 12:111 Allah states this hadith (The Quran) is a detailing of all things.

4) There are people who accept baseless hadith, according to 31:6.

5) Allah states that The Quran is the best and most truthful hadith [4:87, 39:23].

And finally… there are only two verses in the entire Quran which mentions the word hadith and the Prophet together in the same verse.

1) It tells us what happened when the Prophet told his wives a hadith:

The Prophet had trusted some of his wives with a certain hadith, then one of them spread it, and ALLAH let him know about it. He then informed his wife of part of the issue, and disregarded part. She said: ‘who informed you of this?’. He said: ‘I was informed by the Knowledgeable, the Expert’. [66:3]

If the two of you repent to ALLAH, then your hearts have listened. But if you band together against him, then ALLAH is his ally, and so is Gabriel and the righteous believers. Also, the angels are his helpers. [66:4]

If he divorces you, his Lord will substitute other wives in your place who are better than you; submissive, believers, obedient, repentant, worshipers, pious, either previously married, or virgins. [66:5]

2) It tells us that those with the prophet should not stay and wait around for hadith of his when at his house, clearly showing that Allah differentiates between the hadith of the prophet and His hadith (as contained in The Quran), i.e. they are unequal and unnecessary:

O you who believe, do not enter the prophet’s homes except if you are invited to a meal, without you forcing such an invitation. But if you are invited, you may enter. And when you finish eating, you shall leave, without staying to wait for hadith. This used to bother the prophet, and he was shy to tell you. But Allah does not shy away from the truth. And if you ask his wives for something, ask them from behind a barrier. This is purer for your hearts and their hearts. And it is not for you to harm Allah’s messenger, nor that you should marry his wives after him. This is indeed a gross offence with Allah. [33:53]

Please consider what your answer to the questions stated in 7:185, 45:6 & 77:50 are. If you are in doubt as to which answer one should give, please read the verses which follow these two references.

SUMMARY OF THE AUTHOR’S VIEW OF THE HADITH BOOKS:

None can be considered the literal/direct Word of Allah, as this is only contained in The Quran.

They do not represent the direct sayings/actions of Prophet Muhammad, but represent his reported sayings/actions by later generations. This is a crucial distinction.

Some information in the hadith books will be correct, but there is no way of telling which parts, unless we use a supreme standard to compare, i.e. The Quran. Similar situation to The Bible (written within 100 years after Jesus’s death), some of it is true, but there is no way of telling which parts, unless we use a supreme standard to compare, i.e. The Quran.

No information in the hadith books can be used as a source of law, as The Quran is complete in this respect and needs no supplement.

MESSAGE FROM THE AUTHOR:

If you are reading this article and come from a traditional Muslim background (like I did, i.e. Sunni/Shia etc.) you will probably be having doubts about the truthfulness of this article.

Therefore, please verify all references for yourself, especially since this is a command from Allah. There is nothing more powerful than seeing the truth for yourself.

Lets say you accept that there is a very slight chance that as Muslims, we should not follow the hadith books as a source of law… you may ask yourself how can so many Muslims be misguided?

Its not possible… or is it?

Have you forgot about the Christians? As Muslims, we believe that Jesus taught the same message as all prophets, i.e. belief in one Allah, not a trinity or that he was the son of Allah. Let me reply using the same logic… this cannot be true, because there are over 1.5 billion Christians who think otherwise. Jesus must be the son of Allah, Allah must be a trinity! Surely so many people cant be misguided? Or can they?

Just because many people follow it, doesn’t make it true. During my study of The Quran, I was amazed to see that The Quran itself states that most of the people on earth are misguided/idolaters/disbelievers. And that is not all, most of those who think they believe in Allah are actually idolaters (those who associate partners with Allah). What more proof do you need?

You must at the very least accept, that this is a possibility.

Sure, this might seem like a radical view… you may be thinking I’ve never heard of this before… it must be a new thing? Is it?

Have you researched this? I have, and you’ll be surprised to know that my views were held by the early followers of Islam. Still don’t believe me? Go on… verify… what have you got to lose if you know your right?

Some practical examples to demonstrate what I’m talking about…

The difference between what The Quran says about dogs and what traditional narrations (ahadith) say about them.

The so-called 1st pillar of Islam does not exist in The Quran.

The concept of 5 pillars does not exist in The Quran.

The traditional rituals in “hajj” do not exist in The Quran.

The traditional “salah” ritual 5 times daily etc does not exist in The Quran.

The word “hijab” NEVER means an item of clothing, let alone a headscarf in The Quran.

The words “sunna” and “hadith” are NEVER used in The Quran like they are used today.

Mindset and actions are held in greater regard than your membership of a so-called group, e.g. Muslims. See 2:62.

Punishment for apostasy contradicts The Quran, see 4:137, 2:256.

Fundamental difference between “mumineen” & “muslimeen”, e.g. 49:14.

“zakat” is not once per year and 2.5%, both of these go against The Quran’s recommendation of whenever you receive wage you give a fair share, the excess.

THE MEANING OF THE WORD “SUNNAH” IN THE QURAN

The term “Sunnah” occurs fourteen times in nine Quranic verses 8:38, 15:13, 18:55, 35:43, 33:38, 33:62, 40:85, 48:23, 17:77.

It is used in four verses in the expression “Sunnaht al-awwalin” or the “Sunnah of the ancients.” The term “Sunnah” is usually interpreted as meaning “example” or “fate,” but it is a more general concept that means “way,” “practice,” “course,” “tradition,” “habit,” “state,” or “situation.” So “Sunnaht al-awwalin” should mean “the way or practice of the ancients.”

These are three of those four verses:

8:38 Say (O Muhammad) to the rejecters: “If they cease, then what has passed before will be forgiven to them, and if they return to it, then the example of the previous generations (Sunnaht al-awwalin) has already been given.”

15:13 They (the disbelievers) do not believe in it (the Quran), while the way of the previous generations (Sunnaht al-awwalin) has gone before.

18:55 And what prevented the people from believing when the guidance came to them, and to seek forgiveness from their Lord? Are they waiting for what happened to the previous generations (Sunnaht al-awwalin) to come upon them or for the torment to come upon them before their eyes?

The term “Sunnah” appears eight times in five verses in the expression “Sunnaht Allah” or the “way of Allah.” One of these verses has both expressions “Sunnaht al-awwalin” and “Sunnaht Allah”:

35:43 Arrogance on the earth, and evil scheming. And the evil schemes only backfire on those who scheme them. Were they expecting anything different from the ways used on the people of the past (Sunnaht al-awwalin)? You will not find any change in the way of Allah (Sunnaht Allah), and you will not find any bypass to the way of Allah (Sunnaht Allah).

Some exegetes understand the reference to “Sunnaht al-awwalin” as referring to Allah’s punishment of those who rejected the messengers that He sent to them. In this case, this expression could be translated as the “fate of the ancients.”

These are the other four verses in which “Sunnaht Allah” appears:

33:38 There is no blame on the prophet in doing anything that Allah has decreed upon him. Such was the way of Allah (Sunnaht Allah) with the people of old. And the command of Allah is a determined duty.

33:62 This is the way of Allah (Sunnaht Allah) with those who have passed away before, and you will not find any change in the way of Allah (Sunnaht Allah).

40:85 But their belief could not help them once they saw Our might; such is the way of Allah (Sunnaht Allah) that has been established for His servants; and the rejecters were then totally in loss.

48:23 Such is the way of Allah (Sunnaht Allah) with those who have passed away before, and you will not find any change in the way of Allah (Sunnaht Allah).

Finally, this verse uses the term “Sunnah” twice, first in reference to the way of the messengers that Allah sent before Muhammad and then in the expression “Sunnahtuna (Our way),” meaning Allah’s way:

17:77 Such was the way of those whom We had sent (as Messengers) before you of Our messengers. And you will not find any change in Our way (Sunnahtuna).

To recap, in the nine verses in which the term “Sunnah” appears, it is used nine times to refer to the Sunnah of Allah, four times for the Sunnah of the people of old, and once for the Sunnah of the previous messengers of Allah.

So the Quran does not use the term “Sunnah” in the sense of the way/practice of Prophet Muhammad. The closest that the Quran comes to this use is in verse 17.73 which talks about the Sunnah of the messengers before Muhammad. Naturally, the reference here is to one Sunnah or way, as the essence of Deen never changed, as so it must apply to Prophet Muhammad also. But this reference must refer to the one set of general practices and values that all Messengers followed, as commanded by Allah, rather than actions that are specific to any one of them. So the distinct meaning of the term “Sunnah” as the actions and deeds of Prophet Muhammad specifically is not found in the Quran.

This observation, however, does not change the fact that the Quran commands the Muslim to follow the Prophet which is by following the Message of the Quran.

SUMMARY

THE WORDS HADITH & SUNNAH IN THE QURAN

1- THERE ARE 28 VERSES IN QURAN WITH THE WORD “HADITH”:

[4:42, 4:78, 4:87, 4:140, 6:68, 7:185, 12:6, 12:21, 12:101, 12:111, 18:6, 20:9, 23:44, 31:6, 33:53, 34:19, 39:23, 45:6, 51:24, 52:34, 53:59, 56:81, 66:3, 68:44, 77:50, 79:15, 85:17, 88:1]

Allah uses the word “hadith” (Narrations/Sayings) to describe The Quran itself, as well as its general meaning. The Quran never uses the word hadith in the way the word is commonly used today (i.e. referring solely to Prophet Muhammad’s hadith, or hadith books)

2- THERE ARE 9 VERSES IN QURAN WITH THE WORD “SUNNAH”:

[8:38, 15:13, 18:55, 35:43, 33:38, 33:62, 40:85, 48:23, 17:77]

In the nine verses in which the term “Sunnah” appears, it is used nine times to refer to the Way of Allah (Sunnaht Allah), four times for the Way of the people of old (Sunnaht Al-Awwalin), and once for Our (Allah) way (Sunnahtuna) for the previous messengers of Allah.

CONCLUSION

Truth is there is not a single verse in the Quran

which says either one of the following:

1- WE ARE SUPPOSE TO FOLLOW

Hadith/ Sunnatu Rasoolillah or

2- WE WILL GET GUIDANCE FROM

Hadith/ Sunnatu Rasoolillah or

3- WE ARE SUPPOSE TO BELIEVE IN

Hadith/ Sunnatu Rasoolillah or

4- Hadith/ Sunnatu Rasoolillah was

REVEALED OR SENT DOWN (NAZALA)

TO MUHAMMAD.

Advertisements
This entry was posted in HADITHS & SUNNAH. Bookmark the permalink.

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s