DOES THE WORD YAWM ALWAYS MEAN A 24 HOURS DAY IN THE QURAN?
From the following research, we will see that the meaning of the word YAWN in the Quran can vary from one context to another but the main meaning or the essence of this word is in something that deals with time. It can mean “when, then, during, day, period of time, time of” etc.
Actually, its use as 24 hours day is very rare in the Quran but having this meaning in mind as its main meaning we always run to translate it as 24 hours day.
The word YAWM with its suffixes, prefixes and plural form is mentioned more than 400 times in the Quran.
I will mention some of them here and you are all invited to check these and other occurrences in the Quran.
3:155 “Those of you who ran away on the DAY/WHEN/AT THE TIME (when) the two groups met (Yawmal taqal jamaan)
5:109 “(on the) DAY/AT THE TIME/WHEN God gathers the messengers (Yawma Yajma Allah ar rusul)
6:73 “It was He who created the heavens and the earth in all truth and WHEN/(on the) DAY (when) He says: “Be” it shall be (wa yawma yaqulu kunfa ya koon.)
9:3 “A proclamation from God and His messenger (on the) DAY/DURING/AT THE TIME (of the) greater pilgrimage (yawm al hajil akbar)
16:80 “God has given you houses to dwell in, and animals’ skins for tents, so that you may find them light WHEN you travel and easy to pitch WHEN you halt for shelter (yawma zha&nihum wa yawma iqamatikum)
33:66 “(On the) DAY (when)/WHEN their heads/faces will roll about in the fire (yawma tuqal abu wujuhahum fin nari)
50:30 “(on the) DAY (when)/WHEN We say to/ask hell’ are you full. (yawma nagoolu li jahan nam hal im tala’t..)
The above are examples from the Quran about the use of the word >YAWM
But to make it clear-cut how the Quran explains this word check the following:
God in many places in the Quran informs us about the creation of the heavens and the earth. All these verses (7:54, 10:3, 11:7, 25:59, 32:4,50:38, 57:4) say that the heavens and the earth were created in 6 (SIX) YAWMS.
Does this means that God created them in 6 days or should we take the right understanding that is 6 (six) long periods of time. I understand these 6 long periods of time as periodical steps or stages of creation as explained in 41:9-12.
To see that YAWM only indicates a period of time no matter how long it is, let us have a look at 9:36;
“The count of the months with God is twelve months in the book of God the Day (YAWM) He created the heavens and the earth”
You see, in all these verses (7:54, 10:3, 11:7, 25:59, 32:4, 50:38,57:4) the heaven and earth are created in 6 YAWMS/ periods of time (Sitata Ayaam) but in 9:36 God says “…yawm khalaqa Allahu as samawati walarda / On the DAY when God created the heavens and the earth.”
The capitalized word DAY is the usual and traditional translation, which is not correct because it contradicts with the Quran. However, if we take the right meaning of the word YAWM, that is, a period of time, then we can see that 9:36 speaks about the time of creation of the heavens and the earth in general and the other verses (7:54, 10:3, 11:7, 25:59,32:4, 50:38, 57:4) speaks about periodical stages of creation (not days)
This makes it clear what is YAWM.
Another similar example is in 54:19; where God speaks about the people of Ad (see 54:18)
“We sent upon them a violent wind, in a day of continuous misery (fi Yawmi nahsin mustammirin)”
Can >YAWM< be translated as >A DAY< as the case with many translations?
In verse 69:7 God says: “He unleashed it upon them for seven nights and eight days, in succession…” (sakh kharah aleyhim saba layalin wa thamaniyeta ayamin husuman).
Notice that this verse too refers to the people of Ad (see 69:6).
So the correct translation for > fi Yawmi nahsin mustammirin in/during a time of continuous misery.” Which is explained further in 69:7 with >seven nights and eight days in succession<.
Further the God explains in the Quran the meaning of the Arabic word >YAWM<.
70:4, “The Angels and the Spirit ascend to Him in a time/period which is equivalent fifty thousand of an eye blink/Flash.” (tarujul malai’katu war roohu ileyhi fi yawmin kana miqdaruhu khamseena alfa sanatin)
Now the question is why to take >Min Yawmil Jumma< as “on the day of gathering and not >in/during a time of gathering?
What justifies the first understanding?
Does God command believers to gather on a specific day in the week?
Are we supposed to do business and trade only on “that day” of the week?
What if I do not go out for business or trade on “that day”?
What if I am on holiday and not doing any trade for weeks?
DURING THE TIME OF GATHERING “MIN YAWMI AL JUMU’ATI”
During the Time of gathering “Min Yawmi Al Jumu’Ati” was not any particular day such as Holy Jumma/Friday as most of the Muslim consider it today.
During the time of Gathering referred in the Quran as in the broader sense it may include the Gathering at Marriage, Festivals, Business hours, Fairs etc.
There is no such a thing as > Traditional Prayer on the day of gathering< or a Congregational Prayer. The call is for Salat in general >idha nudiya li AS SALAT< and the phrase > Min Yawmi Al jumu’Ati< simply means > during a time of gathering.
62:9 “O you who believe, when the call/announcement is made (Nudiya) for following closely (Salat), during (MIN) a time of (Yawm) gathering (Al Jumu’Ati), hasten earnestly to the remembrance of God and leave off the trade, that is better for you if you have the knowledge.”
During this time of gathering the believers were invited by the other believers to attend the Salat, where Prophet Muhammad gave Daras (Lecture) of the Quran to the believers.
After the end of the Salat, God advise the believers 62:10 to spread in his land and search his bounties in other words continue their business activities as usual.
62:10 Then, once following closely (Salat) is complete, you shall disperse through the land and seek the provisions of God, and remember God frequently that you may succeed.
62:11 And if they come across any trade, or some entertainment, they rush to it and leave you (O Muhammad) standing (in wait)! Say: “What God possesses is far better than entertainment or trade. And God is the best Provider.”
GOD COMMANDED BELIEVERS TO ASK PERMISSION BEFORE LEAVING THE MEETING/GATHERING
24:62 The believers are those who believe in God and His messenger, and when they are with him in a meeting/gathering (Jami’in), they do not leave him without permission. Those who ask permission are the ones who do believe in God and His messenger. If they ask your permission, in order to attend to some of their affairs, you may grant permission to whoever you wish, and ask God to forgive them. God is Forgiver, Merciful.
THE WORD FRIDAY JUMMA CAME FROM MAN MADE HADITHS
The word “friday” appears 109 time(s) in 67 hadith(s) in Bukhari.
The word “friday” appears 101 time(s) in 84 hadith(s) in Muslim.
The word “friday” appears 53 time(s) in 35 hadith(s) in Abudawud.
The word “friday” appears 1 time(s) in 1 hadith(s) in Muwatta.
In the Quran Zero (0).
Note: All important Islamic days are based on lunar calendar except the Jumma Friday which is according to the Georgian calendar. Why?
Why were the Muslims in Prophet’s time following the Georgian calendar ???
THE SEVEN-DAY OF THE WEEK AND THEIR NAMES
The Seven-Day of the Week and their names come to us originally from the Greeks and Romans, who named the days of the week after their gods and giant objects in the sky.
Sunday: Sun’s Day. The Sun gave people light and warmth every day. They decided to name the first (or last) day of the week after the Sun.
Monday: Moon’s Day. The Moon was thought to be very important in the lives of people and their crops.
Tuesday: Tiw’s Day. Tiw, or Tyr, was a Norse god known for his sense of justice.
Wednesday: Woden’s Day. Woden, or Odin, was a Norse god who was one of the most powerful of them all.
Thursday: Thor’s Day. Thor was a Norse god who wielded a giant hammer.
Friday (Jumma): Frigg’s Day. Frigg was a Norse god equal in power to Odin.
Saturday: Saturn’s day. Saturn is the Roman and Italic god of agriculture.
ISLAMIC DAYS WERE SUPPOSED TO BE LIKE THIS
1- (Yaum) al-Aḥad الأحد (first day)
2- (Yaum) al-Ithnayn الإثنين (second day)
3- (Yaum) ath-Thalaathaaʼ الثلاثاء (third day)
4- (Yaum) al-Arba‘aa’ الأربعاء (fourth day)
5- (Yaum) al-Khamīs الخميس (fifth day)
6- (Yaum) al-Sittah السته (Sixth day)
7- (Yaum) al-Sab’a سبعة (seventh day)
BUT THEY CHANGED IT TO
6- (Yaum) al-Jumu‘ah الجمعة (Friday) ???