WHAT IS ZAKAT IN THE QURAN?

Zakat means purification, goodness/righteousness, betterment etc.

It is wrong to limit the word Zakat to money/wealth. Anything that brings purification to oneself and to the community is Zakat.

Zakat is not something which is 2.5 % and a Muslim must give once in a year or in any specific month of the year.

Atu Zakata means contribute towards purification by purifying yourself that is by doing moral, social and financial good deeds.

ZAKAT purification is an umbrella term which includes INFAQ (Spending), SADAQA (Charity), KHAIRAT (good deeds) etc.

WHAT IS IT THAT WE ARE PURIFYING?

91:7 And the Consciousness (Nafs) and whatever (way) He shaped it,

91:8 Then enlightened it with its rebellion and God-consciousness,

91:9 Indeed, he succeed who purifies (Zakka+ha) it,

91:10 And indeed, he fails who corrupts it.

From above verses, we see that it is our consciousness (Nafs) that we have to purify from the enlightenment given by God and by doing good deeds.

Usually the word Zakat comes next to the Salat in the Quran but there are verses where Zakat is replaced with other words.

HERE THE WORD ZAKAT IS REPLACE WITH THE WORD THE KNOWN RIGHTFUL PORTION (HAQQUN)

70:22 Except for those who maintain following closely (Musalleena).

70:23 Those who are constant in their following closely (Salat).

70:24 And those who have rightful portion (Haqqun) in their wealth.

70:25 For the seeker and the denied.

RIGHTFUL PORTION (HAQQAHU) ON THE DAY OF ITS HARVEST

6:141 And He is the One Who initiated gardens; both trellised and untrellised; and palm trees, and plants, all with different taste; and olives and pomegranates, similar and not similar. Eat from its fruit when it blossoms and give its rightful portion (haqqahu) on the day of its harvest; and do not waste. He does not like the wasteful. 

IN WEALTH OF BELIEVERS IS A RIGHTFUL PORTION (HAQQUN) FOR THE BEGGAR AND THE NEEDY

51:17 They used to sleep but little of the night.

51:18 And before dawn, they would seek forgiveness.

51:19 An in their money was a rightful portion (Haqqun) for the beggar and the needy.

GIVE THE RELATIVE HIS RIGHTFUL PORTION (HAQQAHU), AND THE POOR, AND THE WAYFARER

17:26 And give the relative his rightful portion (haqqahu), and the poor, and the wayfarer; and do not waste excessively.

17:27 Those who waste excessively are brothers to the devils, and the devil was to his Lord a rejecter.

THE WORD ZAKATIN IS ALSO RELATED TO MONEY/WEALTH IN VERSE 30:39

30:37 Did they not see that God grants the provisions for whom He wills, and He is able? In that are signs for a people who believe.

30:38 So give the relative his rightful portion (Haqqahu), and the poor, and the wayfarer. That is best for those who seek the face of God, and they are the successful ones. 

30:39 And any increase (Riba) you have taken to grow from the money of the people, it will not grow with God. And any contribution (Zakatin) that you have given seeking the face of God, then those will be multiplied. 

IS SOME VERSES THE WORD ZAKAT IS REPLACED WITH THE WORD INFAQ WHICH MEANS TO SPEND FROM THE PROVISION GIVEN BY GOD

2:3 Those who believe in the unseen, and establish (AQAMA) the Following closely (Salat), and from Our provisions to them they spend (Yunfiquna).

8:3 They establish the Following closely (Salat), and from Our provisions to them they spend (Yunfiquna).

9:54 And what prevented what they would spend from being accepted from them except that they rejected God and His messenger, and they do not  come to Following closely (Salat) except lazily, and they do not spend (Yunfiquna) except unwillingly.

13:22 And those who are patient seeking the face of their Lord; and they establish the Following closely (Salat), and they spend (Anfaqu) from what We have bestowed upon them secretly and openly, and they counter evil with good; these will have an excellent abode.

14:31 Say to My servants who believe, that they should establish the Following closely (Salat), and spend (Yunfiqu) from what provisions We granted them secretly and openly, before a Day comes when there is no trade therein, nor will there be any friends.

22:35 Those who, when God is mentioned, their hearts reverence, and they are patient to what befalls them, and they establish the Following closely (Salat), and from what We provide them they spend (Yunfiquna).

35:29 Surely, those who recite the Book of God and Establish (AQAMU) the Following closely (Salat), and spend (Anfaqu) secretly and openly from what We have provided them, they are seeking a trade that can never lose.

SADAQAT (CHARITY) THE BEST METHOD OF ZAKAT (PURIFICATION)

Zakat is not charity according to the Qur’an, we have to determine how charity is expressed in the Quran. Traditionally, Zakat had been explained as charity, (2.5%) of your yearly income. This idea has no base in the Quran. The word in the Quran for charity is Sadaqat. (2.5%) is nowhere to be found, instead we see the question of how much to give answered for us.

2:219 They ask you about intoxicants (Khamri) and easy money (Maysiri). Say: “In them is great harm, and a benefit for the people; but their harm is greater than their benefit.” And they ask you how much they are to give, say: “The excess.” It is thus that God clarifies for you the revelations that you may think.

This answer of “the excess” is very clear, whatever you have that you do not need. Sadaqat (charity) is one of the prescribed methods of Zakaat (purification).

9:103 “Take from their money a charity (Sadaqatan) to purify them and develop them with it, and you remain attach/follow closely (Salli) over to them (Alaihim) Your  Closeness/Attachment (Salawaat) is a tranquility for them; and God is Hearer, Knowledgeable.”

WHO IS SADAQAT FOR?

There are two verses that clarify for us who charity should go to.

9:60 Indeed, the charities (Sadaqat) are for the poor, and the homeless, and those who work to collect them, and those whose hearts have been united, and to free the slaves, and those in debt, and in the cause of God, and the wayfarer. A duty from God, and God is Knowledgeable, Wise.

2:215 They ask you (O Muhammad) what they should spend, say: “What you spend out of goodness should go to your family and the relatives and the orphans, and the homeless, and the traveler. And any good you do, God is fully aware of it.”

We learn from above that Charity (Sadaqa) is the result of Spending (Nafaqa), which is further clarified below.

2:262 Those who spend (Yunfiquna) their money in the cause of God, then they do not follow what they have spent with either insult or harm; they will have their recompense with their Lord, there is no fear over them nor will they grieve.

2:263 Kind words and forgiveness are far better than a charity (Sadaqatin) that is followed by harm. God is Rich, Compassionate.

Also we are told that our money to our wives is also sadaqa.

4:4 And give the women their bridal gift (Sadaqati+hinna) willingly (Nihlatan), and if they give you of their own will any of it, then you may take it with good feelings.

CONCLUSION

Zakat means purification, goodness/righteousness, betterment etc.

It is wrong to limit the word Zakat to money/wealth. Anything that brings purification to oneself and to the community is Zakat.

Zakat is not something which is 2.5 % and a Muslim must give once in a year or in any specific month of the year.

Usually the word Zakat comes next to the Salat in the Quran.

Atu Zakata means contribute towards purification by purifying yourself that is by doing moral, social and financial good deeds.

ZAKAT purification is an umbrella term which includes INFAQ (Spending), SADAQA (Charity), KHAIRAT (good deeds) etc.

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2 Responses to WHAT IS ZAKAT IN THE QURAN?

  1. Faiyaz says:

    8:41 you wrote that Allah left the rate of zakat to us but it says 1/5.

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