Kaaba which we have today is not the same Kaaba built by Abraham & Ishmael But it was built by Abdullah Al-Zubayr in Year 683 C.E based upon the hadith of Aisha.
It was narrated from Aisha that the Messenger of Allah said to her:
“O Aishah, were if not for the fact that your people have recently left Jahiliyyah, I would have commanded that the House be knocked down, and I would have incorporated into it what was left out of it. I would have made its (door) in level with the ground and I would have given it two doors, an eastern door and a western door. For they built it too small, and by doing this, it would have been built on the foundation of Ibrahim, peace be upon him.” He (one of the narrators said: “This is what motivated Ibn Az-Zubair to knock it down.” Yazid said: “I saw Ibn Az-Zubair when he knocked it down and rebuilt it, and included part of the Hijr in it. And I saw the foundation of Ibrahim, peace be upon him, stones like the humps of camels joined to one another.”
Grade : Sahih (Darussalam)
Sunan an-Nasa’i 2903
Vol. 3, Book 24, Hadith 2906
After the Umayyads’ departure, Ibn al-Zubayr initiated the rebuilding of the Kaaba, but most of the people, led by Ibn Abbas, had abandoned the city fearing divine retribution; it was only when Ibn al-Zubayr himself began to demolish the remains of the old building, that they were encouraged to return and aid him. Ibn al-Zubayr’s reconstruction changed the original plan, incorporating modifications that Muhammad himself is reported to have intended, but which had not been not carried out during Muhammad’s lifetime for fear of alienating the recently converted Meccans. The new Kaaba was built entirely of stone—the old one was of alternating layers of stone and wood—and had two doors, an entrance in the east and an exit in the west. In addition, he included the semi-circular hatīm wall into the building proper. The three fragments of the Black Stone were bound in a silver frame, and placed by Ibn al-Zubayr inside the new Kaaba. After the Umayyad reconquest of the city, the hatīm was separated again from the main building, and the western gate was walled up, reverting to the general outlines of the pre-Islamic plan. This is the form in which the Kaaba has survived to this day.
THE CONSTRUCTION OF THE HOLY KA’BAH BY IBN AL-ZUBAIR
When Yazeed Ibn Muawiyah sent AI-Husayn Ibn Numair with his army to Makkah AI-Mukarramah to fight Ibn Al-Zubair, he subjugated the whole of Makkah AI-Mukarramah except the Holy Mosque. Ibn AI-Zubair and his companions took refuge in the Holy Mosque, and built shelters with reed stalks round the Holy Ka’bah, and also wooden structures to protect them from the heat of the sun and from the stones hurled from the catapults outside.
When the news of the death of Yazeed Ibn Muawiyah arrived, AI-Husayan ended the siege and left Makkah with his army on the fifth of Rabic AI-Thani in the same year. It was then inevitable that the Holy Kabah had to be pulled down and rebuilt. Ibn AI-Zubair consulted wise and experienced people concerning this problem. He finally decided to demolish and rebuild the Holy Ka’bah. He reconstructed it on the foundations of Abraham (peace be upon him), thus fulfilling what Prophet Muhammad (blessings and peace be upon him) had hoped for. He collected the stones from the same mountains from which Quraish had built the Holy Ka’bah, Hira, Thabeer, AI-Muqatta, AI-Khandamah, Halhala, Ka’bah and Mardalla.AI-Husayn Ibn Numair erected catapults at the top of Mount Abu Qubais and Mount Qa’iqan to throw stones at the Holy Ka’bah. The kiswah was torn to pieces and the stones of the Holy Ka’bah began to shake. One of Ibn Al-Zubair’s companions lit a fire, and a spark flew off and set alight the Holy Ka’bah. At that time the Holy Ka’bah was built in the Quraishistyle. a layer of wood followed by a layer of stone. This took place on the evening of Saturday, the third of Rabic AI-Awwal, 64 H. The stones of the Holy Ka’bah scattered far and wide. to the extent that small stones flew under the feet of the birds and pigeons that had flown in the direction of the walls of the Holy Ka’bah.
When lbn AI-Zubair prepared all of the building materials, he took the ornaments and other things from the inside of the Holy Ka’bah and put them at the house of Shaiba Ibn Othman till he finished the building. Ibn Al-Zubair was the first person on top of the building, and he himself started demolishing it on Saturday, 15th Jumada AI-Thani, in the year 65 H. People followed him, and the building was completely demolished by midday. lbn AI-Zubair then picked up the Black Stone, wrapped it in silk, put it in a casket, sealed it and took it to Dar AI-Nadwah for safekeeping. He set up pieces of timber, wrapped in cloth, around the Holy Ka’bah, for people to circumambulate.
When the foundations of the Sacred House were excavated, it was discovered that it was six cubits and a hand span inside Hip Ismail. The base stones were intertwined. Changing the site of Hijir Ismail necessitated the removal of all the foundations and corners. Ibn AI-Zubair then summoned fifty notable citizens to witness that he had based the building on the original foundations of Abraham (peace be upon him). He set up the eastern door of the Holy Ka’bah one base higher than AI-Shadhrwan which is on the ground, and the western door was parallel to the eastern door at the back of the Holy Ka’bah and opposite to it. When the building reached the site of the corner, the Black Stone was put in its place unobtrusively.
He increased the height of the Holy Ka’bah to twenty-seven cubits and the width of the wall by two cubits. He put in three pillars in one row to support the ceiling from north to south, and he built the ceiling of the Holy Ka’bah with marble brought from Sana’a. He made two leaves for the door of the Holy Ka’bah instead of one. The height of the door was eleven cubits. He built a zig-zagged staircase made of wood inside the Holy Ka’bah at the Shami corner. These stairs led to the roof on which a waterspout pouring into Hijir Ismail was fitted. After he had completed the building, he perfumed the interior of the Holy Ka’bah with ambergris and musk. He painted the exterior wall with musk from top to bottom and screened it with silk curtains. There remained some stones which he spread ten cubits around the Sacred House. The building was completed on the 17th of Rajah, in the year 65 H. On this occasion, he encouraged people to perform Umrah from Al-Taniem in gratitude and thanksgiving to Allah, the Almighty.
He also encouraged them to slaughter, if they could afford it, as almsgiving for Allah’s kindness and generosity. Ibn AI-Zubair and his companions then put on their ihrams and commenced their Umrah from a hill in front of A’isha’s mosque. He slaughtered a number of camels as charity in praise and gratitude to Allah, the Almighty. Makkans then started to perform ‘Umrah’ annually on this very day.