FASTING IN THE QURAN

Types of fasting

1- Food Fasting (Sawm ut Taam) 2:187
2- Word Fasting (Sawm ul Kalam) 19:26

Usually “Fasting” means Food Fasting in the Quran.

FASTING HAS BEEN DECREED FOR THE BELIEVERS AND PURPOSE OF FASTING

2:183 “O you who believe, fasting has been decreed for you as it was decreed for those before you, perhaps you may be righteous.”

FASTING IS FOR A CERTAIN NUMBER OF DAYS

2:184 “(You are required to fast) for a certain number of days..”

COMPENSATION FOR NOT FASTING

2:184 “…But if anyone of you is sick or is on a journey he shall fast (to make up) the number in other days.

As for those who can do so but with difficulty, they may redeem by feeding a poor person (daily for the days of fasting). And he who volunteers (extra) good, (will find that) it is even better for him. And that you observe fasting is better for you, if you only know.”

REASON FOR FASTING

2:185 “The Full moon of Scorching heat, in which the Qur’an was revealed; as a guide to the people and clarities from the guidance and the Criterion. Whoever of you witnesses the Full moon, then let him fast it..”

CONCESSION FOR FASTING IN ANOTHER DAYS

2:185 “…And whoever is ill or traveling, then the same number from different days. God wants to bring you ease and not to bring you hardship; and so that you may complete the count, and magnify God for what He has guided you, that you may be thankful.”

TIMING OF FASTING

2:187 “And you may eat and drink until the white thread is distinct from the black thread of dawn; then you shall complete the fast until night;”

PERMISSION FOR BELIEVERS TO HAVE SEX WITH THEIR WIVES DURING THE NIGHT OF FASTING

2:187 “It has been made lawful for you during the night of fasting to approach your women sexually. They are a garment for you and you are a garment for them. God knows that you used to betray your souls so He has accepted your repentance, and forgiven you; now you may approach them and seek what God has written for you..”

NO PERMISSION FOR BELIEVERS TO HAVE SEX WITH THEIR WIVES DURING THE NIGHT OF FASTING WHEN THEY ARE DEVOTED TO MOSQUES

2:187 “…and do not approach them while you are devoted in the mosques (Masjids). These are the boundaries of God, so do not transgress them. It is thus that God clarifies His revelations to the people who they may be righteous.”

FASTING AS REDEMPTION 2:197, 4:92, 5:89, 58:4

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