65:1 O prophet, if any of you have divorced the women, then they should be divorced while ensuring that their required waiting period (Iddati+hinna) is fulfilled, and keep count of the waiting period (Idata). You shall reverence God your Lord, and do not evict them from their homes, nor should they leave, unless they commit an evident immorality. And these are the boundaries of God. And anyone who transgresses the boundaries of God has wronged his soul. You never know; perhaps God will make something come out of this.
65:2 Then, once their term (Ajala+hunna) is fulfilled, either you remain together equitably, or part ways equitably and have it witnessed by two just people from among you; and give the testimony for God. This is to enlighten those who believe in God and the Last Day. And whoever reverences God, He will create a solution for him.
65:3 And He will provide for him whence he never expected. Anyone who puts his trust in God, then He suffices him. The commands of God will be done. God has decreed for everything its fate.
WAITING PERIOD FOR A WOMAN REACHED MENOPAUSE OR DO NOT MENSTRUATE (Three Months)
WAITING PERIOD FOR A PREGNANT WOMAN (Until they give birth)
65:4 As for those who have reached menopause from your women, if you have any doubts, their waiting period (Iddatu+hunna) shall be three months – as well as for those who did not menstruate. And those who are already pregnant, their term (Ajala+hunna) is until they give birth. And anyone who reverences God, He makes his matters easy for him.
65:5 This is the command of God that He sends down to you. And anyone who is aware of God, He will forgive his sins, and will improve his reward.
65:6 You shall let them reside in the dwelling you were in when you were together, and do not coerce them to make them leave. And if they are pregnant, you shall spend on them until they give birth. Then, if they nurse the infant, you shall give them their dowry (Ujura+hunna). And you shall maintain the amicable relations between you. If you disagree, then another woman may nurse the child.
WAITING PERIOD FOR A WOMAN AFTER DIVORCE
2:231 And if you have divorced the women, and they have reached their (waiting) term (Ajala+hunna), then either you remain together equitably, or part ways equitably. And do not reconcile with them so you can harm them out of animosity; whoever does so is doing wrong to his soul; and do not take the revelations of God as mockery. And remember the blessings of God upon you, and what was sent down to you of the Book and the wisdom, He warns you with it. And be aware of God and know that God is knowledgeable of all things.
2:232 And if you divorce the women, and they reach their (waiting) term (Ajala+hunna), then do not make difficulty for them if they wish to remarry their husbands if they have amicably agreed among themselves out of what is best. This is to remind any of you who believe in God and the Last Day, this is better for you and purer; and God knows while you do not know.
WAITING PERIOD FOR A WIDOW (Four months+Ten days)
2:234 And for those of you whose lives are terminated and they leave widows behind, then their widows will have a required waiting period of four months and ten. So when they reach their (waiting) term (Ajala+hunna), then there is no sin upon you for what they do with themselves in goodness. And God is Expert to what you do.
PROPOSING A WIDOW
2:235 And there is no sin upon you if you openly propose marriage to the women, or you keep it between yourselves. God knows that you will be thinking about them, but do not meet them secretly, unless you have something righteous to say. And do not finalize the marriage contract until the prescribed term (Ajalahu) is reached. And know that God knows what is in your souls, so be aware of Him, and know that God is Forgiving, Compassionate.
NO WAITING PERIOD FOR A WOMAN (If no intercourse took place)
33:49 O you who believe, if you marry the believing females, then divorce them before having intercourse with them, then there is no waiting period (Iddatin) required of them. You shall compensate them, and let them go in an amicable manner.
THE WISDOM BEHIND THE WAITING PERIOD
A- Identify pregnancy
The “iddat” gives sufficient time to a woman to make sure she isn’t pregnant. This is necessary to prevent confusion that could arise on who the father of the child is if the woman were to remarry and get pregnant right away.
B- Time for reconciliation
When a divorce takes place, “iddat” offers time to the couple to cool down and give the divorce a second thought.
C- Exemplify the gravity and sanctity of marriage
“Iddah” prevents people from taking marriage to be a light affair. Marriage is so sacred and significant that its dissolution results in a waiting period.
D- Time to express grief
In the case of the husband passing away, the wife has been given time to grieve.