1-MEANING OF THE ROOT WORD HAJJ
The word Hajj came from the root word Haa-Jiim-Jiim.
Haa-Jiim-Jiim = to intend to a certain target, aim at, repair, undertake, repaired/betook himself to or towards a person / place / object of veneration/respect/honour, went/visit frequently/repeatedly, pilgrimage.
Overcome another by/in argument/evidences/proofs/testimonies, plead, contend/argue/dispute.
Now look at the following verses where the “traditional” meaning of “pilgrimage” can never be applied.
2:76 “…Then they would use it in argument (liyuhajjookum) against us at your Lord…”
2:139 Say: “Do you debate with us (atuhajjoonana) regarding God?
2:258 Have you not noted him who debated (hajja) with Abraham regarding his Lord,
3:20 If they debate with you (hajjooka), then say: “I have submitted myself to God,
3:61 Whoever debates with you (hajjaka) in this after the knowledge has come to you,
3:65 “O people of the Book, why do you debate (tuhajjoona) with us regarding Abraham when the Torah and the Injeel were not sent down except after him?
3:66 Here you have debated (hajajtum) in what you knew; so why then do you debate (tuhajjoona) in what you do not know?
3:73 “…or that they debate with you (yuhajjookum) at your Lord…”
6:80 And his people debated with him (hajjahu). He said: “Do you debate with me (atuhajjoonnee) regarding God, when He has guided me?
42:16 “And those who debate (yuhajjoona) about God, after they had been answered, their argument (hujjatuhum) is nullified at their Lord…”
As we see that ALL uses of Hajj has to do with argue/dispute/argument. So my conclusion is that the word Hajj itself must also be approached as such, and not as Pilgrimage.
This can also been seen in the verse:
28:27 He said: “I wish you to marry one of my two daughters, on condition that you work for me through eight Years (Hijajin); if you complete them to ten, it will be voluntary on your part. I do not wish to make this matter too difficult for you. You will find me, God willing, of the righteous.”
So we have the Quranic use of Hajj as ‘to argue/dispute/argument/debate’ and as a “YEAR”. Therefore Hajj can be thus interpreted as a Yearly Debate. This is held in the known full moons, which are also given in the Quran.
2- TIME OF HAJJ (YEARLY DEBATE)
The Full moons for the yearly debate (hajj) are made known according to the Quran.
2:197 The Debate (Hajj) Full moons are made known. So whoever decides to perform the Debate (Hajj) therein, then there shall be no sexual approach, nor wickedness, nor baseless argument in the Debate (Hajj). And any good that you do, God is aware of it; and bring provisions for yourselves, though the best provision is righteousness; and be aware of Me O you who possess intelligence.
Purpose of these four full moons is to provide a cooling off period.
2:194 (Fighting in) The restricted full moon may be met (Fighting in) within the restricted full moon, and violations may be met with retaliation. Whoever attacks you, then you shall attack him the same as he attacked you; and be aware of God, and know that God is with the righteous.
Temporary cessation of hostilities provides a cooling off period and it can avert war/fighting. There should be at least four months upon which mankind should agree as peacetime.
THE FOUR RESTRICTED FULL MOONS OF SECURITY ARE CONSECUTIVE
Since the creation of the heaven and earth God chose four full moons for the mankind to be restricted. This gives the humans the chance to cool off and stop the war/fighting and debate among themselves to find the ways to reconcile and end the wars.
9:36 The count of the Full moons with God is twelve full moons in the book of God the day He created the heavens and the earth; four of them are restricted. This is the correct system; so do not wrong yourselves in them; and fight the polytheists collectively as they fight you collectively. And know that God is with the righteous.
FOUR RESTRICTED FULL MOONS BEGINS WITH THE FULL MOON OF SCORCHING HEAT (RAMADAN)
The first full moon of the Four Restricted full moons is the full moon of scorching heat (Ramadan) for the Fasting while the remaining three full moons are for the Yearly Debate (Hajj). This gives people three opportunities per year to meet up for the Yearly Debate (Hajj).
First Full moon is for Fasting 10 days.
Second Full moon is for Hajj 10 days.
Third Full moon is for Hajj 10 days.
Fourth Full moon is for Hajj 10 days.
WHAT IS SHAHR RAMADAN (FULL MOON OF SCORCHING HEAT)?
Shahr Ramadan is an Annual event to mark the anniversary of the Revelation of the Message The Qur’an.
Shahr means a Full moon (Lunar based) and Ramadan means Scorching heat (Solar based).
Fasting will begin when the first full Moon which will appear after the start of the scorching heat season based on the solar system.
Scorching heat starts after the summer solstice. This is the time when the sun is at its highest point and hence the shadow is smallest.
So fasting begins from the next day after witnessing the first full moon of Scorching heat after the summer solstice.
Fasting is for 10 days. 2:184, 2:196
Purpose of fasting is to give thanks to God for all the blessings and to develop and strengthen our powers of self-control, so that we can resist wrongful desires and bad habits, and therefore “guard against evil”.
Whoever unable to do fast he can redeem by feeding one poor person. 2:184
TIMINGS OF FASTING
Fasting begins when the twilight light is distinct from the darkness at dawn (when the stars begin to disappear in the sky). 2:187
Fasting ends with the night (when the stars begin to appear in the sky). 2:187
RESTRICTED FULL MOONS AND YEARLY DEBATE (HAJJ)
9:5 So when the restricted full moons have passed, then you may kill the polytheists wherever you find them, and take them, and surround them, and stand against them at every point. If they repent, and they establish the Closeness/Attachment (Salat), and they contribute towards purification, then you shall leave them alone. God is Forgiving, Merciful.
Mankind, through international treaties, must agree to shun all kind of warfare during these four full moons. This will give them a cooling off period that sense may prevail over emotions. However, you may fight the polytheists in any or all these full moons if they fight against you in any or all of them (2:194).
3- KAABA AND YEARLY DEBATE (HAJJ)
The reason why God placed the house Kaaba in Bakka is for the guidance for the world and for yearly debate (Hajj) to stop wars on Earth, by probing the issue and through discussion curing it
3:96 The first House (Bayt) placed for the people is the one in Bakk’a, blessed, and a guidance for the worlds.
And invited people to join the Yearly Debate (Hajj).
3:97 In it are clear signs: the station of Abraham (Maqam Abraham). And whoever enters it (house) will be secure. And God is owed from the people to make yearly debate (Hajj) to the House (Al Bayti), whoever can make a path to it. And whoever rejects, then God has no need of the worlds.
Those who enter the System symbolized thereby shall find inner peace and external security. Hence, joining the yearly debate (Hajj) at this Meeting Point for the Cause of God alone is DUE ON ALL MANKIND who have the circumstantial means to undertake the visit. One who denies (this Wisdom, should know that) verily, God, the Rich is Self-Sufficient, want-free of any peoples.
But it is clear that we have four full moons of Peace. The subject is that the polytheists must stop the aggression. All of Mankind is asked to perform the yearly debate (Hajj), not just the Muslims. The meaning of Hajj is used in the Quran as Year and as ‘to argue/dispute/argument/debate’. The word also means ‘to go for an aim/to partake on a noble cause’.
All of these together shows me that Hajj means a Yearly Debate that is meant to stop wars on Earth, by probing the issue and through discussion curing it.
The Quran is meant to make a collective unity of Mankind based on the Divine Laws of Nature and Revelation. This is not done through personal salvation rituals as Pilgrimage.
This shows that the traditional rituals that are attributed to Hajj, are false not only because they are non-Quranic, but also because they go against the main purpose of the Quran and the meaning of Hajj.
Hajj is the annual debate in a specified time while Umrah is an emergency visit for debate at the Masjid Al Haram of Makkah any time during the year. Both have a sublime objective as the Qur’an explains, although Muslims have reduced them into mere rituals similar to the Days of Ignorance. There is no mention of kissing the black-stone in Ka’bah, any “holiness” about the ZAM ZAM water, or that of throwing rocks at the three pillars signifying Satan.
Objective of the Pilgrimage is to arrange regular and intermittent international conferences in Makkah. Delegates from all over the world would get together there and devise ways to make the world a better place to live.
4- PROHIBITIONS DURING YEARLY DEBATE (HAJJ)
2:197 The Yearly Debate (Hajj) Full moons are made known. So whoever decides to perform the Debate (Hajj) therein, then there shall be no sexual approach, nor wickedness, nor baseless argument in the Yearly Debate (Hajj). And any good that you do, God is aware of it; and bring provisions for yourselves, though the best provision is righteousness; and be aware of Me O you who possess intelligence.
Sexual intimacy, breach of discipline and argumentation would hamper mutual consultation in a focused, amicable environment. Ample provision is meant to avoid asking for help, but rather being able to help others. The Central Authority, any time in the Divinely ordained four Months of Peacetime should decide upon and announce the exact dates of Hajj. (2:194, 9:1-6.) The current practice of “performing” the ritualistic pilgrimage only in Zilhajjah, the 12th lunar month, finds no authority in the Qur’an.
5-SACRIFICING ANIMAL DURING YEARLY DEBATE (HAJJ)
The purpose behind the commandment of sacrificing an animal at the Hajj (Yearly Debate) or Umrah (an emergency visit for debate) was to feed the Muslims attending the debate and to feed the poor and needy Muslims living around the Kaaba.
The commandment for sacrificing an animal after the hajj is for the pilgrims only not for all Muslims of the world. The animal offering or the meat must reach the destination which is the Kaaba.
The Verses which mentions the animal offering (Hadya).
2:196 And conclude the Yearly Debate (Hajj) and the visit for God. But, if you are prevented, then provide what animal offering (Hadyi) is affordable; and do not shave your heads until the animal offering (Hadyu) reaches its destination (Kaaba). Whoever of you is ill or has an ailment to his head, then he may redeem by fasting or giving a charity or a rite.
But if you are secure, then whoever makes the visit (Umrah), but decides to continue until the Yearly Debate (Hajj), then he shall provide what animal offering (Hadyi) is affordable; but for he who cannot find anything, then he must fast for three days during the Yearly Debate (Hajj) and seven when he returns (to home); this will make a complete ten – this is for those whose family is not resident at the Restricted Mosque (Masjid Al Haram). And be aware of God, and know that God is severe in retribution.
48:25 They are the ones who rejected and barred you from the Restricted Mosque (Masjid Al Haram), and barred your animal offering (Hadya) from reaching their destination. And there had been believing men and believing women whom you did not know, and you may have hurt them, and on whose account you would have incurred a sin unknowingly. God will admit into His mercy whoever He wills. Had they become separated, We would then have punished those from them who rejected with a painful retribution.
5:2 O you who believe, do not violate the symbols (Shaairia) of God, nor the restricted Full moon, nor the animal offering (Hadya), nor the garlands (Qalaida), nor the safety made by the Restricted House (Bait Al Haram); for they are seeking a bounty from their Lord and a blessing. And when it is permitted for you, then you may hunt. And let not the hatred of another people; because they had barred you from the Restricted Mosque (Masjid Al Haram); make you aggress. And help each other in piety and righteousness, and do not help each other in sin and aggression. And be aware of God, for the retribution of God is severe.
5:97 God has made the Ka’aba to be the Restricted House (Bait Al Haram); for people to observe, and the restricted Full moon, and the animal offering (Hadya), and the garlands (Qalaida); that is so you may know that God knows what is in the heavens and what is in earth, and that God is aware of all things.
5:95 O you who believe, do not kill any game while you are restricted; and whoever of you kills it deliberately, then the recompense is to value what was killed against the livestock, which shall be judged by two equitable persons from you, and to make it as a animal offering (Hadyan) to reach the Ka’aba. Or, its expiation shall be in using it to feed the homeless ones, while he abstains from it; that is to suffer the results of his deed; God forgives what has past. And whoever returns, then God will seek vengeance on him. God is Noble, capable of vengeance.
6-DRESS CODE FOR YEARLY DEBATE (HAJJ)
There is No such thing as IHRAM dress for Yearly Debate (Hajj). The word HURUMUN simply means Under Restriction.
The word HURUMUN appears in two verses 5:1 & 5:96.
5:1 O you who believe, honor the contracts. Made lawful for you are the animals of the livestock, except that which is being recited to you. Do not make lawful the hunting of game WHILE YOU ARE UNDER RESTRICTION (hurumun). God decrees as He pleases.
5:96 Lawful for you is the catch of the sea, to eat it as enjoyment for you and for those who travel; and unlawful for you is the catch of the land as long AS YOU ARE UNDER RESTRICTION (hurumun); and be aware of God to whom you will be gathered.
It is a Misconception of the Traditional Muslims that without Ihram, one’s Hajj and Umrah cannot be performed. There is no particular dress code for Men & Women for yearly debate (Hajj) in the Quran.
7- TRAVERSING THE SAFA AND MARWA THE SYMBOLS (SHAAIRI) OF GOD DURING YEARLY DEBATE (HAJJ)
2:158 Indeed, the Safaa and the Marwa are among the Symbols (Shaairi) of God. So whoever debate (Hajja) to the House, or is merely visiting, commits no error should he traverse (Yattawwafa) them. And whoever donates for goodness, then God is Thankful, Knowledgeable.