EID MILAD UN NABI (CELEBRATION OF PROPHET’S BIRTHDAY) 12TH RABI UL AWAL

Many sectarian Muslims celebrate the birthday of Prophet Muhammad by decorating the mosques and houses with lights and other decoration. These sectarians waste money on this event they claim that they are showing love of Prophet Muhammad. On this day they commemorate Prophet Muhammad more than Allah. But the question that is important here is should they celebrate Birthday of Prophet Muhammad on 12th Rabi Ul Awal or not?

To answer this question here are some important points below one by one;

1- It is not 100% confirmed that Prophet Muhammad was born on 12th Rabi Ul Awal. We found different dates in the history. According to Abdul Qadir Jilani Prophet was born on 9th Rabi Ul Awal.

2- Prophet never himself told the date on which he was born.

3- Prophet never celebrated his birthday.

4- Sahaba never celebrated birthday of Prophet and not done anything special on 9th or 12th Rabi Ul Awal unlike many of us do.

6- Eid Milad Un Nabi which is declared third Eid by some people is an invention which was created centuries after Prophet’s death. We find nothing like Eid Milad Un Nabi in Hadiths.

7- In One Hadith Prophet said i fast on Monday because i was born on this day. This Hadith only mentioned Fasting. It does not say invent Bid’ahs which are done on 12th Rabi Ul Awal by some people.

8- Some people say we are celebrating birthday of Prophet in his love. If this is so why Sahaba not celebrated birthday of Prophet?

9- Festivals of Eid Ul Fitr and Eid Ul Adha are not mentioned in the Quran then how we can create a new Eid?

I think these nine points are enough to prove that there is no place for Eid Milad Un Nabi in Islam and its a Bidah (invention) In Islam. If we really Love Prophet we should follow his teachings which is the Quran alone.

That is the real love !

CELEBRATING BIRTH DAYS OF MESSENGERS

Allah send peace upon the birth of different Messengers. Angels brought good news from Allah of a child to different messengers also to Mother of Isa and Moses. So there is nothing wrong with celebrating birth days of messengers but we do not know the accurate dates of birth of different messengers.

1-BIRTH, DEATH AND RESURRECTION OF YAHYA

19:15 And peace be upon him the day he was born, and the day he dies, and the Day he is resurrected alive.

2-BIRTH, DEATH AND RESURRECTION OF JESUS

19:33 “And peace be upon me the day I was born, and the day I die, and the Day I am resurrected alive.”

19:34 Such was Jesus, son of Mary, and this is the truth of the matter in which they doubt.

Quran does not Prohibit Birthdays, Anniversaries, Valentine Days and other festivals as long as they do not violate the commandments of Allah.

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SUNNI AND SHIA METHOD OF NIKAH

SUNNI METHOD OF NIKAH

The actual marriage ceremony is quite simple. A day is chosen (preferably as soon as possible after the engagement) and announced. The prophet (upon him be peace) encouraged that marriages should be announced well, so that the community learns of this communion and do not look at the couple with suspicion when seen together. Therefore, a marriage should not be contracted in secret.

Thereafter, the following should be observed for the actual ceremony:

  1. The best time is a Friday after the ‘Asr prayer in the masjid. The Messenger of Allah (upon him be peace) said, “Announce this marriage, and perform it in the masjid… (Tirmidhi).

  1. Scholars and other pious people should be invited to gain the blessing of their presence and their du’as along with the blessing of Friday and the masjid.

  1. The nikah should be performed by a pious person.

  1. Two witnesses should be chosen and present at the gathering. The Messenger of Allah (upon him be peace) said, “There is no marriage without a wali and two upright witnesses… (Ibn Hibban). Although all those present could potentially be witnesses, it is better to have two formal witnesses who sign the marriage contract and can be called upon in the event of any problems.

  1. The marriage payment [dowry or mahr] should be stipulated beforehand and the person performing the ceremony should be informed of the amount.

  1. The bride should preferably send a wali (her father, uncle, brother or any such elder) to represent her. The wali should be present in the gathering. The Messenger of Allah (upon him be peace) said, “A women should not marry herself off [i.e. without a wali] (Ibn maja). In the Hanafi school, the consent of a mature bride is necessary and she cannot be married off without it. The Messenger of Allah (upon him be peace) said, “A virgin cannot be married off without her permission.” They asked as to how her permission is given. He replied, “Her silence” (Bukhari and Muslim).

  1. When the bride grants her wali [representative] the permission to marry her to the groom, it is preferable to have two people (from among her mahrams) to witness this also. Although, the representation is valid without witnesses, however, in the event of problems their testimony would be needed to prove that she consented to her marriage to the groom.

  1. The sunna khutba [sermon] will be recited first by the imam performing the marriage. This khutba includes the three verses of taqwa, and a hadith or two about marriage, exhorting the couple and those present to fear Allah and attain taqwa (Abu Dawud, Tirmidhi, Nasai, Ahmad).

  1. After the khutba the imam will ask the representative (1) if he gives consent to the bride’s (taking her complete name) marriage (2) to the groom (again taking the complete name) (3) for the stipulated amount of marriage payment (4) in the presence of the two witnesses. If the representative consents then the imam turns to the groom and ask him if he accepts the bride (taking her name) in his marriage for the stipulated amount of marriage payment. The groom has to reply in complete terms such as, “I accept her in my marriage” or ” I have accepted her in my marriage” or “I do marry her.” It is preferable that he say this and not just “I do” or “I accept.”

  1. The imam should then recite the following du’a, 

“Barak Allahu laka wa baraka alayka wa jama’a baynakuma bikhayr.”

May Allah bless you and have His blessing descend upon you and unite you in goodness.

Thereafter, he will make other du’as for the couple and those present.

  1. It is then sunna the next day or the day after once the couple have consummated their marriage or entered into privacy together to provide a walima reception. This is provided by the groom and his family and is not a responsibility of the bride. The Messenger of Allah (upon him be peace) provided walima after many of his marriages by feeding the people a goat. Anas (may Allah be pleased with him) relates that the Messenger of Allah (upon him be peace) provided a walima on the occasion of the consummation of his marriage with Zaynab bint Jahsh. He provided meat and bread to the fill off his guests (Bukhari). On the occasion of his marriage to Safiyya bint Huyay ibn Akhtab he even had what may be considered a “pot luck” nowadays in North America where each person brought what he had and they sat down together and ate it (Bukhari and Muslim).

  1. Some masjids and imams have the legal capacity to solemnize a marriage which is then recognized by the state, county or local council. This is extremely beneficial as it does not entail re-performing the marriage again in a civil ceremony.

SERMON OF NIKAH ALSO KNOWN AS KHUTBATUL-HAJJAH

إِنَّ الحَمدَ لِلَّهِ ، نَسْتَعِينُهُ وَنَسْتَغفِرُهُ ، وَنَعُوذُ بِهِ مِن شُرُورِ أَنفُسِنَا ، مَن يَهدِهِ اللَّهُ فَلا مُضِلَّ لَهُ ، وَمَن يُضلِل فَلا هَادِيَ لَه ، وَأَشهَدُ أَن لا إِلَهَ إِلا اللَّهُ وَأَشهَدُ أَنَّ مُحَمَّدًا عَبدُهُ وَرَسُولُه .

يَا أَيُّهَا النَّاسُ اتَّقُواْ رَبَّكُمُ الَّذِي خَلَقَكُم مِّن نَّفْسٍ وَاحِدَةٍ وَخَلَقَ مِنْهَا زَوْجَهَا وَبَثَّ مِنْهُمَا رِجَالاً كَثِيراً وَنِسَاء وَاتَّقُواْ اللّهَ الَّذِي تَسَاءلُونَ بِهِ وَالأَرْحَامَ إِنَّ اللّهَ كَانَ عَلَيْكُمْ رَقِيباً

يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُواْ اتَّقُواْ اللّهَ حَقَّ تُقَاتِهِ وَلاَ تَمُوتُنَّ إِلاَّ وَأَنتُم مُّسْلِمُونَ

يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا اتَّقُوا اللَّهَ وَقُولُوا قَوْلاً سَدِيداً يُصْلِحْ لَكُمْ أَعْمَالَكُمْ وَيَغْفِرْ لَكُمْ ذُنُوبَكُمْ وَمَن يُطِعْ اللَّهَ وَرَسُولَهُ فَقَدْ فَازَ فَوْزاً عَظِيماً

TRANSLATION

Praise be to Allah, we seek His help and His forgiveness. We seek refuge with Allah from the evil of our own souls and from our bad deeds. Whomsoever Allah guides will never be led astray, and whomsoever Allah leaves astray, no one can guide. I bear witness that there is no god but Allah, and I bear witness that Muhammad (Sallaho Alaihe Wassallam) is His slave and Messenger

[4:1] O men, fear your Lord who created you from a single soul, and from it created its match, and spread many men and women from the two. Fear Allah in whose name you ask each other (for your rights), and fear (the violation of the rights of) the womb-relations. Surely, Allah is watchful over you.

[3:102] O you who believe, fear Allah, as He should be feared, and let not yourself die save as Muslims.

[33:70] O you who believe, fear Allah, and speak in straightforward words.

[33:71] (If you do so,) Allah will correct your deeds for your benefit, and forgive your sins for you. Whoever obeys Allah and His Messenger achieves a great success.

CONGRATULATING THE GROOM:

It is from the Sunnah of Rasul-ullah (Sallaho Alaihe Wassallam) to congratulate the groom with this dua:

بَارَكَ اللَّهُ لَكَ وَبَارَكَ عَلَيْكَ وَجمََعَ بَيْنَكُمَا فِي الخَْيْرِ

May Allah bless you and bless it for you and may He join you with goodness! [Tirmidhi]


SHIA METHOD OF NIKAH

Nikah is performed as follows;

The person (an Imam or a sensible person) who is going to solemnize nikah firstly writes the name of the girl going to marry, for instance he writes “Fatima bint-i Ahmed”.

Then he writes the name of the agent of the girl, for example “Ali bin Zayd”.

Then he writes the names of the two testifiers.

Then he writes the name of the boy going to marry, for example “Omar bin Hussein”.

Then he writes the name of the agent of the boy, if the boy is not present.

Then he writes the amount of mahr-i mueccel (mahr paid in advance) and mahr-i muaccel (mahr paid on account) by asking both parts. (mahr: the money which is supposed to be given by the man as a right to the woman)

Then he seeks refuge in Allah and recites A’udhu-Bismillah

(A’udhubillahiminasshaytanirrajimm- Bismillahirrahmanirrahim) and says;

“Alhamdu lillahillezi zavvacal arvaha bil ashbah ve ahallannikaha ve harramessifah. Vassalatu vassalamu ala rasulena Muhammadinillezi bayyana-l-harame va-l-mubah ve ala Alihi va Aashabi-hillezina hum ahlussalahi valfalah”.

Then he recites again A’udhu-Bismillah and reads 32nd verse of the Surah An- Nur (24th chapter of the Quran) and after he reads “Sadakallahuladhim”.

Then he says; “Kale rasulallah, “An-nikahu sunneti faman ragiba an sünneti falaysa minni” sadaka Resulullah. ‘Bismillahi va ala sunnet-i rasulillah’”

Then he asks the agent of the girl;

“By the order of Allah and the sunnah of Rasulallah and the rule (ijtiha) of the Imam of our sect (Abu Hanife) and the testimony of present Muslims, do you agree, since you are the agent of the girl, to give Fatima bint-i Ahmad in marriage to Omar bin Hussein, who promise to give such amount of mahr-i mueccel and mahr-i muaccel?”

Then he reads the same pray by starting from (Bismillahi va ala) and asks the agent of the boy going to marry; “And since you are the agent of the boy going to marry, do you agree to take Fatima bint-i Ahmad in marriage to Omar bin Hussein by agreeing to give such amount of mahr-i mueccel and mahr-i muaccel?”

Three times the questions are asked to the parts and the answers are received from them. Then the prayer given below is recited;

(Allahummac’al hadhal akta maymunan mubarakan vacal beyna-huma ulfetan va mahabbeten va karara va la tac’al beyna-huma nafratan va fitnetan va ferara. Allahumma allif baynahuma kema allafta beyna Adama va Havva. Va kama allafta beyna Muhammadin va Khatica-tal-Kubra va Ai?a -ta umm-il muminine . Va beyna Aliyyin va Fatima-taz-Zahra. Allahumma ati la-huma evladan salihan ve umran tavelan va rizkan vasian. Rabbena hab lana min azvacina va zurriyatina kurrata ayunin vac’alna lil muttekina imama. Rabbena atina fiddunya hasanatan va fil ahirati hasanatan va kina azabannar. Sabhana rabbika rabbilizzati amma yasifun va salamun alal mursaleen valhamdulillahi rabbilalameen al fatiha).

Therby performing nikah finishes.

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ASKING A WOMAN’S FATHER FOR HER HAND IN MARRIAGE

In today’s modern world, couples often discuss marriage together, coming to a mutual agreement rather than a formal proposal. Asking for a bride’s hand in marriage, which typically means formally asking her father for permission to marry, is an old-fashioned tradition that is rarely followed nowadays. Still, there are many who do choose to follow this custom.

It is considered respectful to ask your future bride’s father for his blessing as you start down the path towards matrimony. It lets your bride’s father know that you’re sincere in your intentions and a true gentleman.

HOW IT ALL STARTED?

The tradition of asking for the bride’s hand in marriage dates back at least to ancient Rome. Back then, the prospective groom would ask the bride’s father for permission to marry her, at which point he would hand the father a symbolic coin. In return, the father would take the hand of his daughter and place it in the groom’s hand, symbolizing his approval of the upcoming marriage.

PARENTS/WALI PERMISSION ACCORDING TO THE TRADITIONAL ISLAM

According to a man made hadith Any woman who gets married without the permission of her wali, her marriage is invalid.

Aishah narrated that:

The Messenger of Allah said: “Whichever woman married without the permission of her Wali her marriage is invalid, her marriage is invalid, her marriage is invalid. If he entered into her, then the Mahr is for her in lieu of what he enjoyed from her private part. If they disagree, then the Sultan is the Wali for one who has no Wali.”

https://sunnah.com/tirmidhi/11/23

CONCEPT OF “WALI” IN TRADITIONAL ISLAM

According to the traditional Islam the permission of Wali is required for a man to marry a woman.

The wali is there to make sure that she isn’t making a bad decision. This man should be someone who has her best interests at heart and wants to make sure she marries someone good and beneficial.

Most often, the Wali is the bride’s father. But if her father is not alive, it can be her grandfather, brother (if over the age of puberty) or her uncle. If she’s an older woman, it can even be her son.

If the woman converted to Islam, and her father and other male relatives are not Muslim, the wali would be the leader of the nation, or someone appointed by him (like a judge or other government official). If she is in a non-Muslim country, then her wali would be the leader of the local Muslim community.

According to the hadith “The Sultan is the wali for one who has no wali”. Jami Tirmidhi

If none of those are available, her wali can be any trustworthy, Muslim male.

Her Wali cannot be a non-Muslim, even if it’s her father.

ACCORDING TO THE QURAN

YOU SHALL MARRY THEM WITH THE PERMISSION OF THEIR PARENTS (Ahli+hinna)

4:25 And whoever of you cannot afford to marry the free women (Muhsanati) believers, then what you rightfully possess (Ma Malakat Aimanukum) from the believing servant females. And God is more aware of your faith, some of you to each other. You shall marry them with the permission of their parents (Ahli+hinna), and give them their dowries (Ujura+hunna) in kindness to be married women (Muhsinatin) and not adulterous fornicators (Musafihatin) nor those who take [secret] lovers. If they commit lewdness when they are married, their punishment should be half that of free women (Muhsinati).  This is for those who fear hardship from among you. But if you are patient it is better for you, and God is Forgiver, Merciful.

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FOUR PROMISES WHICH GOD MADE TO ISA/YASHUA BEFORE HIS DEATH

Jesus Isa death

3:55 when God said, “O Isa, indeed I will Cause you to die (mutawaffeeka) and raise/exalt you (rafiAAuka) to Myself and purify you from those who disbelieve and make those who follow you [in submission to God alone] superior to those who disbelieve until the Day of Resurrection. Then to Me is your return, and I will judge between you concerning that in which you used to differ.

FIRST PROMISE: When God said, “O Isa, indeed I will Cause you to die (mutawaffeeka)

The Jews wanted to kill Isa and tried to even crucify him and take his life away because Deuteronomy 21:22,23 states that one who dies on the cross is an accursed. God replies to the plan of the Jews by saying they will not be able to kill Isa, God will cause him to die (meaning a natural death) quickly by natural causes not by the cause of crucifixion.

SECOND PROMISE: And raise/exalt you (rafiAAuka) to Myself

Meaning Isa will be raise/exalt in status towards God just like other believers and things raised/exalted in status towards God in the Quran. 43:32, 94:4, 6:83, 19:57, 6:165, 7:176, 56:3, 35:10, 24:36.

THIRD PROMISE: Purify you from those who disbelieve

This means that God will clear him of the false charges from the enemies such as legitimacy of birth and accursed death and would show that he was indeed a true Prophet of God.

FOURTH PROMISE: And Make those who follow you [in submission to God alone] above to those who disbelieve until the Day of Resurrection

This basically means that precedence would be given to the followers of Isa those believers who followed him when he was alive and those who will follow his message of submission to God alone over the disbelievers till the Day of Judgment. (Muslims are of course included in the believers because they follow submission to God alone and believe in Isa as a Prophet/Messenger of God).

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BEST OF CREATION (KHAYRU-L-KHALQ) TITLE FOR PROPHET MUHAMMAD

The man made title of Khayru-l-Khalq (Best of Creation) for Prophet Muhammad was invented through the Hadiths in order to worship him and get his intercession on the Day of Judgment.

THE WHOLE UNIVERSE WAS CREATED FOR PROPHET MUHAMMAD (SALAFI AQEEDAH)

Narrated by Umar bin al-Khattab Allah’s Messenger (Peace Be Upon Him) said:

When Adam committed the error, he submitted (to Allah): O Lord, I beg You to forgive me through the mediation of Muhammad. Then Allah said: O Adam! How did you recognize Muhammad as I have not created him yet? He replied: O Lord, when You created me with Your divine hand and breathed Your soul into me, I raised my head and saw ‘la ilaha illallahu Muhammad-ur-rasulullah (“There is no god but Allah, Muhammad is Allah’s Messenger”)’ inscribed on each pillar of the Throne. I discovered that with Your name, the name of only such a person can be associated who is YOUR MOST BELOVED OF ALL THE CREATURES. At this Allah said: O Adam, you have said it correctly. Of all the creatures I love him the most. Now when you offered your prayer through his mediation, I forgave you. And if Muhammad were not there, I would not have created even you.

Reference

Tabarani Mu’jam Al-Ausat Volume 006, Page No. 313-314, Hadith Number 6502

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